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Allocating the Earth

Breena Holland.

September 2014; p ublished online May 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 272 pages.

This book advances a new distributional framework to guide the evaluation and design of environmental policies. Drawing on capabilities theory, and especially on Martha Nussbaum’s...

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Brewing Trouble

Calestous Juma.

in Innovation and Its Enemies

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 7770 words.

This chapter sets the stage for deeper examination of tension between innovation and socioeconomic incumbency as reflected in the defense of preexisting products and their place in cultural...

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A Capabilities Approach to Democratic Participation in Regulatory Rulemaking

Breena Holland.

in Allocating the Earth

September 2014; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 14451 words.

Drawing on the theory of social and environmental justice advanced in Chapter 5 and the ecological meta-capability discussed in Chapter 4, this chapter develops a capabilities approach to...

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A Capabilities Approach to Environmental Valuation

Breena Holland.

in Allocating the Earth

September 2014; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 12773 words.

This chapter theorizes an approach to environmental valuation that expands the multidimensional capabilities-based conception of individual well-being to include the natural environment’s...

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A Capabilities Approach to Policy Justification

Breena Holland.

in Allocating the Earth

September 2014; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 18168 words.

Chapter 5 develops a capabilities approach to policy justification. It distinguishes the normative ideal made explicit in a capabilities approach to justice from the normative ideal of...

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Capabilities, Well-Being, and Social Justice

Breena Holland.

in Allocating the Earth

September 2014; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 15983 words.

This chapter reviews the conceptual advantages of “capabilities theory” to environmental valuation and policy justification. It presents the “capability approach” of Amartya Sen and the...

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Charged Arguments

Calestous Juma.

in Innovation and Its Enemies

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 9723 words.

This chapter illustrates one dimension of technological coexistence—specifically, tensions between the proponents of Thomas Edison’s direct current (DC) and the champions of George...

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Conclusion

Nimah Mazaheri.

in Oil Booms and Business Busts

July 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Economy; Environment. 3976 words.

Analyzing the business environments in oil-producing countries provides us with important insights into the challenges that these countries have faced and says a great deal about where they...

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Conclusion

Breena Holland.

in Allocating the Earth

September 2014; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 6346 words.

After summarizing the preceding chapters of the book, Chapter 7 discusses why the capabilities approach to social and environmental justice is relevant to questions of environmental policy...

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Cool Reception

Calestous Juma.

in Innovation and Its Enemies

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 8596 words.

Mechanical refrigeration dramatically impacted the cold storage industry and triggered long debates on the safety of food and the refrigerators themselves. These fears overshadowed the...

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Doing Business in India’s Mining Belt

Nimah Mazaheri.

in Oil Booms and Business Busts

July 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Economy; Environment. 11088 words.

An analysis of India demonstrates that the book’s theory applies to state-level policy makers operating in a democratic, coal-producing state. The bifurcation of Bihar in November 2000 into...

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Facing the Music

Calestous Juma.

in Innovation and Its Enemies

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 7052 words.

In the early history of recorded music, concerns over fair compensation led to a long history of confrontation between industry and musicians. This chapter examines the case of the American...

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Gaining Traction

Calestous Juma.

in Innovation and Its Enemies

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 7192 words.

This chapter looks at the mechanization of American agriculture through the introduction of tractors. It shows how the incumbent sources of animal power sought to find a way to coexist with...

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Gales of Creative Destruction

Calestous Juma.

in Innovation and Its Enemies

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 9928 words.

The new millennium brought a rising tide of economic, social, and ecological challenges. This chapter argues that while rapid technological adoption in response to mounting global...

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The Importance of Everything but Oil

Nimah Mazaheri.

in Oil Booms and Business Busts

July 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Economy; Environment. 9897 words.

Oil-producing countries need to consistently expand their nonoil sectors in order to prosper over the long term. Expanding their nonoil sectors is a way of decreasing vulnerability to...

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Innovation and Its Enemies

Calestous Juma.

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 432 pages.

The rise of artificial intelligence has rekindled a long-standing debate on the impact of technology on employment. This is just one of many areas where exponential advances in technology...

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Introduction

Nimah Mazaheri.

in Oil Booms and Business Busts

July 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Economy; Environment. 6727 words.

Countries with abundant oil wealth are more likely to impose a host of barriers to the activities of domestic firms and entrepreneurs. This is a serious problem for these countries because...

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Introduction

Calestous Juma.

in Innovation and Its Enemies

August 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 2920 words.

polenvEnvironmental PoliticspoleconPolitical Economy

New ideas are not only the enemy of old ones; they also appear often in an extremely unacceptable form.

Carl Gustav Jung

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Introduction

Breena Holland.

in Allocating the Earth

September 2014; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment; Political Economy. 11463 words.

This chapter provides a general overview of the central problems in environmental policy that the book addresses. Key limitations of economic analysis and deliberative decision-making are...

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Oil and the Business Environment in Iran

Nimah Mazaheri.

in Oil Booms and Business Busts

July 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Economy; Environment. 15679 words.

Iran is a prime example of how oil leads to a restrictive business environment for domestic entrepreneurs and owners of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Prior to the oil windfall...

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