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Warfare and Defence x Arts and Humanities x Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) x clear all

Beauclerk, Charles, first duke of St Albans (1670–1726), army officer

William Hunt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 958 words.

Beauclerk, Charles, first duke of St Albans (1670–1726), army officer, the illegitimate son of Charles II and Nell Gwyn, was born at his mother's house in Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, on 8...

Beaufort, Edmund, first duke of Somerset (c. 1406–1455), magnate and soldier

Colin Richmond.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Irish History; UK Politics; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Local and Family History; History; History of Agriculture. 2473 words.

Beaufort, Edmund, first duke of Somerset (c. 1406–1455), magnate and soldier, was the younger brother of John Beaufort, duke of Somerset (1404–1444); John and Edmund were the second and...

Beaufort, John, duke of Somerset (1404–1444), magnate and soldier

G. L. Harriss.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Irish History; UK Politics; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Local and Family History; History; History of Agriculture. 1256 words.

Beaufort, John, duke of Somerset (1404–1444), magnate and soldier, was the second son of John Beaufort, marquess of Dorset and of Somerset (d. 1410), and Margaret Holland, daughter of...

Beaufort, John, marquess of Dorset and marquess of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), soldier and administrator

G. L. Harriss.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Political Institutions; Public Administration. 1450 words.

Beaufort, John, marquess of Dorset and marquess of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), soldier and administrator, was the first offspring of the liaison between John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster...

Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier

G. L. Harriss.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Irish History; UK Politics; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Local and Family History; History; History of Agriculture. 1774 words.

Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier, was the youngest of the three illegitimate sons of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, and Katherine Swynford [see Katherin...

Edward [Edward of Woodstock; known as the Black Prince], prince of Wales and of Aquitaine (1330–1376), heir to the English throne and military commander

Richard Barber.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Military History; Warfare and Defence; European History. 9399 words.

Edward [Edward of Woodstock; known as the Black Prince], prince of Wales and of Aquitaine (1330–1376), heir to the English throne and military commander, was the eldest son of Edward III...

Fitzcharles, Charles, earl of Plymouth (c. 1657–1680), courtier and army officer

John Callow.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Social and Cultural History. 1414 words.

Fitzcharles, Charles, earl of Plymouth (c. 1657–1680), courtier and army officer, was born, probably in Bruges, in 1657, the illegitimate son of Charles II (1630–1685), and Catherine Pegge (null...

FitzRoy [formerly Palmer], George, duke of Northumberland (1665–1716), courtier and army officer

J. M. Rigg.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Social and Cultural History. 1033 words.

FitzRoy [formerly Palmer], George, duke of Northumberland (1665–1716), courtier and army officer, was born on 28 December 1665 at Merton College, Oxford, the third and youngest son of...

FitzRoy [formerly Palmer], Henry, first duke of Grafton (1663–1690), naval officer

J. D. Davies.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Scottish History. 2011 words.

FitzRoy [formerly Palmer], Henry, first duke of Grafton (1663–1690), naval officer, the second illegitimate son of Charles II (1630–1685) and Barbara Palmer, née Villiers, countess of...

Henry of Lancaster [Henry of Grosmont], first duke of Lancaster (c. 1310–1361), soldier and diplomat

W. M. Ormrod.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Diplomatic History; International Relations. 4422 words.

Henry of Lancaster [Henry of Grosmont], first duke of Lancaster (c. 1310–1361), soldier and diplomat, was the son of Henry, third earl of Lancaster (c. 1280–1345), and Maud Chaworth (d....

Humphrey [Humfrey or Humphrey of Lancaster], duke of Gloucester [called Good Duke Humphrey] (1390–1447), prince, soldier, and literary patron

G. L. Harriss.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literature. 6099 words.

Humphrey [Humfrey or Humphrey of Lancaster], duke of Gloucester [called Good Duke Humphrey] (1390–1447), prince, soldier, and literary patron, was the youngest son of Henry, earl of Derby,...

lance

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A lance is the emblem of St Jude, St Thomas the Apostle, St Gereon, a 4th-century martyr of Cologne, and St Maurice.

See overview in Oxford Index

Mortimer, Roger, first earl of March (1287–1330), regent, soldier, and magnate

R. R. Davies.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; UK Politics; Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Local and Family History; History; History of Agriculture; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 6301 words.

Mortimer, Roger, first earl of March (1287–1330), regent, soldier, and magnate, was the son and heir of Edmund (I) de Mortimer, lord of Wigmore, and his wife, Margaret de Fiennes.

null...

Plantagenet, Arthur, Viscount Lisle (b. before 1472, d. 1542), soldier, diplomat, and administrator

David Grummitt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Political Institutions; Public Administration; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 2566 words.

Plantagenet, Arthur, Viscount Lisle (b. before 1472, d. 1542), soldier, diplomat, and administrator, was the illegitimate son of Edward IV (1442–1483).

The identity of Arthur's...

Pole, Richard de la (d. 1525), soldier and claimant to the English throne

Sean Cunningham.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 1388 words.

Pole, Richard de la (d. 1525), soldier and claimant to the English throne, sometimes known after 1506 as Blanche Rose, was the fifth son of John de la Pole (1442–1492) and his wife,...

Robert [called Robert Curthose], duke of Normandy (b. in or after 1050, d. 1134), prince and crusader

Kathleen Thompson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); European History. 6226 words.

Robert [called Robert Curthose], duke of Normandy (b. in or after 1050, d. 1134), prince and crusader, was born in the early 1050s, the eldest child of William (II), duke of Normandy...

spear

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A spear is the emblem of St Thomas the Apostle.

spear-carrier an actor with a walk-on part; an unimportant participant in something.

spear side the male side or members of...

See overview in Oxford Index

Thomas [Thomas of Lancaster], duke of Clarence (1387–1421), prince and soldier

G. L. Harriss.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 1776 words.

Thomas [Thomas of Lancaster], duke of Clarence (1387–1421), prince and soldier, was the second son of Henry IV, born in London in the autumn of 1387 to Mary de Bohun (c.1369–1394), Henry's...

trebuchet

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Warfare and Defence.

The trebuchet was a simple siege machine consisting of a rotating beam positioned unevenly on a fulcrum, the longest end holding a sling and the smallest end attached to ropes ...

See overview in Oxford Index