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Abercromby, Sir Robert (1740?–1827), army officer and administrator in India

Raymond Callahan.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1225 words.

Abercromby, Sir Robert (1740?–1827), army officer and administrator in India, son of George Abercromby (1705–1800) of Tullibody and his wife, Mary, née Dundas (d. 1767), was baptized at his...

Alfred, Prince, duke of Edinburgh (1844–1900), duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, naval officer, and son of Queen Victoria

John Van der Kiste.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; British History; Modern History (1700 to 1945); European History. 1742 words.

Alfred, Prince, duke of Edinburgh (1844–1900), duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, naval officer, and son of Queen Victoria, was born Alfred Ernest Albert at Windsor Castle on 6 August 1844, the...

Alien and Sedition Acts

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — United States History.

(1798).

The term “Alien and Sedition Acts” refers to four controversial laws enacted by the Federalist-controlled Congress in 1798 in response to fears about imminent war with...

See overview in Oxford Index

Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide

David Scott.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics; British History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1117 words.

Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide, was baptized in the parish of All Saints, Sculcoates, Hull, Yorkshire, on 4 April 1607, the eldest son of Henry Alured (c.1581–...

American Revolution

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — United States History.

When Great Britain virtually eliminated the French from North America with the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Seven Years' War, it was expected that one of the major benefits ...

See overview in Oxford Index

Anza, Juan Bautista de

Michael Mathes.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 890 words.

Anza, Juan Bautista de (07 July 1736–19 December 1788), military commander, explorer, and governor, was born in the presidio of Fronteras, Sonora, Mexico, the son of Juan Bautista de Anza,...

Arbuthnot, Marriot (1711–1794), naval officer and colonial governor

Julian Gwyn.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1509 words.

Arbuthnot, Marriot (1711–1794), naval officer and colonial governor, was born in Weymouth, the son of John Arbuthnott. He entered the navy about 1727, and passed his lieutenant's...

Arthur (supp. fl. in or before 6th cent.), legendary warrior and supposed king of Britain

O. J. Padel.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: British History; Military History; Warfare and Defence; Social and Cultural History. 14706 words.

Arthur (supp. fl. in or before 6th cent.), legendary warrior and supposed king of Britain, has an attested career that is entirely posthumous. From obscure beginnings in...

Ashe, John

Joshua L. McKaughan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1219 words.

Ashe, John (1720?–24 October 1781), colonial politician and military officer, was born in the Albemarle Sound region of North Carolina, the son of John Baptista Ashe, an assemblyman, and...

Axtell, Daniel (bap. 1622, d. 1660), parliamentarian army officer and regicide

Alan Thomson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics; British History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1084 words.

Axtell, Daniel (bap. 1622, d. 1660), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was baptized on 26 May 1622 at Great Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, probably the son of William Axtell (d....

Back, Sir George (1796–1878), naval officer and explorer

A. H. Beesly.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; History of the Americas. 1596 words.

Back, Sir George (1796–1878), naval officer and explorer, was born on 6 November 1796 at Stockport, Cheshire, the second son of John Back and his wife, Ann. He entered the navy as...

Barclay, Sir George (c. 1636–1710), army officer and Jacobite conspirator

Paul Hopkins.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; UK Politics; British History; Political History. 2652 words.

Barclay, Sir George (c. 1636–1710), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was probably born in Kincardineshire, the son of Andrew Barclay of 'Sheels', who was of an unrecorded cadet branch...

Barker, Collet (1784–1831), army officer and explorer

Ronald Bayne.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Australasian and Pacific History; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 672 words.

Barker, Collet (1784–1831), army officer and explorer, was born near Paradise Gardens, Hackney, Middlesex, on 31 December 1784, the son of William Barker (c.1748–1832), skinner and mercer...

Barkstead, John [created Sir John Barkstead under the protectorate] (d. 1662), major-general and regicide

Christopher Durston.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics; British History; Political Institutions; Public Administration; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 841 words.

Barkstead, John [created Sir John Barkstead under the protectorate] (d. 1662), major-general and regicide, was probably the son of Michael Barkstead, a London goldsmith, and his wife, Anne,...

Barnwell, John

Lawrence S. Rowland.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Military History; Warfare and Defence; World History. 1180 words.

Barnwell, John (1671– June 1724), frontier settler and Indian fighter, was the son of Alderman Matthew Barnwell of Dublin, Ireland, and Margaret Carberry. The elder Barnwell was killed in...

Barnwell, John (c. 1671–1724), colonial official and army officer in America

Alan Gallay.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 777 words.

Barnwell, John (c. 1671–1724), colonial official and army officer in America, was born probably in Dublin, the son of Matthew Barnwell, alderman, and Margaret Carberry. Having lost his...

Battle of Québec

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — History of the Americas.

1759.

This ended French sovereignty in Canada. Despite fears that the strongly entrenched French, under the brilliant Montcalm, could be dislodged only by a long siege, Wolfe's...

See overview in Oxford Index

Beatson, Alexander (1759–1830), army officer in the East India Company and colonial governor

Andrew Grout.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 789 words.

Beatson, Alexander (1759–1830), army officer in the East India Company and colonial governor, was born on 24 October 1759 at Dundee. He was the second son of the three sons and one daughter...

Beauclerk, Charles, first duke of St Albans (1670–1726), army officer

William Hunt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 958 words.

Beauclerk, Charles, first duke of St Albans (1670–1726), army officer, the illegitimate son of Charles II and Nell Gwyn, was born at his mother's house in Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, on 8...

Beaufort, Edmund, first duke of Somerset (c. 1406–1455), magnate and soldier

Colin Richmond.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Irish History; UK Politics; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Local and Family History; History; History of Agriculture. 2473 words.

Beaufort, Edmund, first duke of Somerset (c. 1406–1455), magnate and soldier, was the younger brother of John Beaufort, duke of Somerset (1404–1444); John and Edmund were the second and...