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Abercromby, Sir Robert (1740?–1827), army officer and administrator in India

Raymond Callahan.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1225 words.

Abercromby, Sir Robert (1740?–1827), army officer and administrator in India, son of George Abercromby (1705–1800) of Tullibody and his wife, Mary, née Dundas (d. 1767), was baptized at his...

Alien and Sedition Acts

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — United States History.

(1798).

The term “Alien and Sedition Acts” refers to four controversial laws enacted by the Federalist-controlled Congress in 1798 in response to fears about imminent war with...

See overview in Oxford Index

American Revolution

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — United States History.

When Great Britain virtually eliminated the French from North America with the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Seven Years' War, it was expected that one of the major benefits ...

See overview in Oxford Index

Anza, Juan Bautista de

Michael Mathes.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 890 words.

Anza, Juan Bautista de (07 July 1736–19 December 1788), military commander, explorer, and governor, was born in the presidio of Fronteras, Sonora, Mexico, the son of Juan Bautista de Anza,...

Arbuthnot, Marriot (1711–1794), naval officer and colonial governor

Julian Gwyn.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1509 words.

Arbuthnot, Marriot (1711–1794), naval officer and colonial governor, was born in Weymouth, the son of John Arbuthnott. He entered the navy about 1727, and passed his lieutenant's...

Ashe, John

Joshua L. McKaughan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1219 words.

Ashe, John (1720?–24 October 1781), colonial politician and military officer, was born in the Albemarle Sound region of North Carolina, the son of John Baptista Ashe, an assemblyman, and...

Barnwell, John

Lawrence S. Rowland.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Military History; Warfare and Defence; World History. 1180 words.

Barnwell, John (1671– June 1724), frontier settler and Indian fighter, was the son of Alderman Matthew Barnwell of Dublin, Ireland, and Margaret Carberry. The elder Barnwell was killed in...

Barnwell, John (c. 1671–1724), colonial official and army officer in America

Alan Gallay.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 777 words.

Barnwell, John (c. 1671–1724), colonial official and army officer in America, was born probably in Dublin, the son of Matthew Barnwell, alderman, and Margaret Carberry. Having lost his...

Beatson, Alexander (1759–1830), army officer in the East India Company and colonial governor

Andrew Grout.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 789 words.

Beatson, Alexander (1759–1830), army officer in the East India Company and colonial governor, was born on 24 October 1759 at Dundee. He was the second son of the three sons and one daughter...

Beckwith, Sir George (1752/3–1823), army officer and colonial governor

Jonathan Spain.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 802 words.

Beckwith, Sir George (1752/3–1823), army officer and colonial governor, was the second son of John Beckwith (fl. 1733–1772) and his wife, probably the Janet Wishart who married Captain John...

Bent, George

H. Allen Anderson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Native American History; World History. 1341 words.

Bent, George (07 July 1843–19 May 1918), frontiersman, soldier, and Indian interpreter, was born at Bent’s Old Fort on the Arkansas River in present-day southeastern Colorado, the son of...

Bentinck, Lord William Henry Cavendish- [known as Lord William Bentinck] (1774–1839), army officer, diplomatist, and governor-general of India

Douglas M. Peers.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Diplomatic History; International Relations; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 4826 words.

Bentinck, Lord William Henry Cavendish- [known as Lord William Bentinck] (1774–1839), army officer, diplomatist, and governor-general of India, was born on 14 September 1774 at Burlington...

Berkeley, Sir William

Paul David Nelson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1148 words.

Berkeley, Sir William (03 July 1606–09 July 1677), royal governor and captain general of Virginia, was born in or near London, the son of Sir Maurice Berkeley, a well-connected gentleman of...

Blackburne, Sir William (1764–1839), army and political officer in India

A. J. Arbuthnot.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Politics. 317 words.

Blackburne, Sir William (1764–1839), army and political officer in India, was appointed to the Madras army as a cadet of native infantry in 1782, arrived at Madras in June 1783, and in 1784...

Bland, Theodorick

David B. Mattern.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1017 words.

Bland, Theodorick (21 March 1742–01 June 1790), revolutionary soldier and politician, was born in Prince George County, Virginia, the son of Theodorick Bland, a planter, and Frances...

Bligh, William (1754–1817), naval officer and colonial governor

Alan Frost.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 2057 words.

Bligh, William (1754–1817), naval officer and colonial governor, was born in Plymouth on 9 September 1754, the only son of Francis Bligh (1721–1780) and his wife, Jane Pearse, née Balsam (dnull...

Bourke, Sir Richard (1777–1855), army officer and colonial governor

H. M. Stephens.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1519 words.

Bourke, Sir Richard (1777–1855), army officer and colonial governor, was born on 4 May 1777 in Britain Street, Dublin, the only son of John Bourke of Dromsally, co. Limerick, and his wife,...

Boustead, Sir (John Edmund) Hugh (1895–1980), army officer and colonial official

Donald Hawley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 2085 words.

Boustead, Sir (John Edmund) Hugh (1895–1980), army officer and colonial official, was born on 14 April 1895 on a tea estate above Nawara Eliya, Ceylon, one of the two sons of Lawrence...

Bridger, James

Robert L. Gale.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Military History; Warfare and Defence; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Native American History; US Colonial and Revolutionary History. 1076 words.

Bridger, James (17 March 1804–17 July 1881), fur trapper and trader, explorer, and scout, was born in a tavern near Richmond, Virginia, the son of James Bridger, a surveyor and innkeeper,...

Brooke, Robert (1744–1811), army officer in the East India Company and colonial governor

T. H. Bowyer.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1016 words.

Brooke, Robert (1744–1811), army officer in the East India Company and colonial governor, was the second son of Robert Brooke (1710–1784), an artist, of Rantavan, co. Cavan, and his wife...