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Allen, Henry Watkins

Kathryn D. Snavely.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; US Politics; State and Local Government; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1382 words.

Allen, Henry Watkins (29 April 1820–22 April 1866), Confederate soldier and governor of Louisiana, was born in Prince Edward County, Virginia, the son of Thomas Allen, a physician, and Ann...

Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide

David Scott.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics; British History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1117 words.

Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide, was baptized in the parish of All Saints, Sculcoates, Hull, Yorkshire, on 4 April 1607, the eldest son of Henry Alured (c.1581–...

André, John

Paul David Nelson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Land Forces and Warfare. 1601 words.

André, John (02 May 1750–02 October 1780), British officer and spy, was born in London, England, the son of Anthony André, a merchant, and Marie Louise Girardot. His early schooling was...

Armstrong, Sir Thomas (bap. 1633, d. 1684), army officer and conspirator

Richard L. Greaves.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1582 words.

Armstrong, Sir Thomas (bap. 1633, d. 1684), army officer and conspirator, was baptized on 27 December 1633 at St Stephen's protestant church, Nijmegen, the son of Thomas Armstrong (d....

Arnold, Benedict

John Shy.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 2721 words.

Arnold, Benedict (14 January 1741–14 June 1801), revolutionary war general and traitor, was born in Norwich, Connecticut, the son of Benedict Arnold III, a merchant, and Hannah Waterman...

Atkinson, Robert (d. 1664), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator

Alan Marshall.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1015 words.

Atkinson, Robert (d. 1664), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, was born in Winton, Westmorland, of a local family. He later married and had children, but little is known of his...

Axtell, Daniel (bap. 1622, d. 1660), parliamentarian army officer and regicide

Alan Thomson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics; British History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1084 words.

Axtell, Daniel (bap. 1622, d. 1660), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was baptized on 26 May 1622 at Great Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, probably the son of William Axtell (d....

Barclay, Sir George (c. 1636–1710), army officer and Jacobite conspirator

Paul Hopkins.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; UK Politics; British History; Political History. 2652 words.

Barclay, Sir George (c. 1636–1710), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was probably born in Kincardineshire, the son of Andrew Barclay of 'Sheels', who was of an unrecorded cadet branch...

Barkstead, John [created Sir John Barkstead under the protectorate] (d. 1662), major-general and regicide

Christopher Durston.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; UK Politics; British History; Political Institutions; Public Administration; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 841 words.

Barkstead, John [created Sir John Barkstead under the protectorate] (d. 1662), major-general and regicide, was probably the son of Michael Barkstead, a London goldsmith, and his wife, Anne,...

Barlow, Francis Channing

Robert Garth Scott.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1205 words.

Barlow, Francis Channing (19 October 1834–11 January 1896), lawyer and soldier, was born in Brooklyn, New York, the son of the Reverend David Hatch Barlow, a Unitarian minister, and Almira...

Benning, Henry Lewis

Edward G. Longacre.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1507 words.

Benning, Henry Lewis (02 April 1814–10 July 1875), soldier and jurist, was born in Columbia County, Georgia, the son of Pleasant Moon Benning and Malinda Meriwether White, planters. In 1834...

Bernardi, John (1657–1736), army officer and Jacobite conspirator

T. F. Henderson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; UK Politics; British History; Political History. 1002 words.

Bernardi, John (1657–1736), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was born at Evesham, Worcestershire, the son of Francis Bernardi (b. c.1627), a Genoese nobleman and agent at the court of...

Birney, William

Edward G. Longacre.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Journalism; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1253 words.

Birney, William (28 May 1819–14 August 1907), soldier, journalist, and lawyer, was born in Madison County, Alabama, the son of James Gillespie Birney, a lawyer, state legislator, and...

Bloomfield, Joseph

Hermann K. Platt.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; State and Local Government; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1360 words.

Bloomfield, Joseph (18 October 1753–08 October 1823), lawyer, soldier, and politician, was born in Woodbridge, New Jersey, the son of Moses Bloomfield, a physician, and Sarah Ogden. The...

Brearly, David

Harry M. Ward.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1495 words.

Brearly, David (11 June 1745–16 August 1790), jurist and revolutionary war officer, was born at “Spring Grove” farm, near Maidensead (now Lawrenceville), New Jersey, the son of David...

Breman [Braman], John (bap. 1627, d. 1703), army officer, politician, and conspirator

Robert Zaller.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; UK Politics. 1152 words.

Breman [Braman], John (bap. 1627, d. 1703), army officer, politician, and conspirator, was baptized on 27 March 1627 at Alton, Hampshire, the eldest surviving son of Thomas Braman (d....

Burr, Aaron

Steven E. Siry.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 2496 words.

Burr, Aaron (06 February 1756–14 September 1836), revolutionary soldier, U.S. senator, and vice president of the United States, was born in Newark, New Jersey, the son of Aaron Burr, a...

Butler, James, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745), army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator

Stuart Handley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; UK Politics; British History; Political History. 4599 words.

Butler, James, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745), army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Dublin Castle on 29 April 1665, the second and eldest surviving son of...

Cadwalader, John

Paul David Nelson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 817 words.

Cadwalader, John (10 January 1742–10 February 1786), revolutionary war soldier, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Thomas Cadwalader, a physician, and Hannah Lambert....

Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg

Ronald Bruce Frankum.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1518 words.

Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg (09 November 1817–11 April 1873), Civil War general, was born in Piatt’s Landing, Kentucky, the son of Israel T. Canby, a land speculator and politician, and...