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Adams, John [alias Alexander Smith] (1768?–1829), seaman, mutineer, and settler

J. K. Laughton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History. 859 words.

Adams, John [alias Alexander Smith] (1768?–1829), seaman, mutineer, and settler, was born in London probably in 1768 and was serving under the name of Smith as an able seaman on HMS Bounty ...

Atkinson, Edward Leicester (1881–1929), naval medical officer and explorer in Antarctica

Adrienne Reynolds.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Medicine and Health; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making. 580 words.

Atkinson, Edward Leicester (1881–1929), naval medical officer and explorer in Antarctica, was born on 23 November 1881 at Sion Hill, St Vincent, Windward Islands, West Indies, the third of...

Back, Sir George (1796–1878), naval officer and explorer

A. H. Beesly.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; History of the Americas. 1596 words.

Back, Sir George (1796–1878), naval officer and explorer, was born on 6 November 1796 at Stockport, Cheshire, the second son of John Back and his wife, Ann. He entered the navy as...

Barker, John (c. 1600–1653), naval officer and shipmaster

J. K. Laughton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History; Travel and Holiday. 840 words.

Barker, John (c. 1600–1653), naval officer and shipmaster, was possibly related to the John Barker of Ratcliffe, Middlesex, shipmaster and captain of the Golden Cock who in 1629, aged...

Best, Thomas (1570–1639), sea captain and master of Trinity House

R. C. D. Baldwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History; Travel and Holiday. 1727 words.

Best, Thomas (1570–1639), sea captain and master of Trinity House, was baptized on 8 June 1570 at Merstham, Surrey, the youngest son of Robert Best, an interpreter for the Muscovy Company,...

Billings, Joseph (1758–1806), explorer and hydrographer in Russia

John H. Appleby.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; European History; Maps and Map-making; Oceanography and Hydrology; World History. 1481 words.

Billings, Joseph (1758–1806), explorer and hydrographer in Russia, was born in 1758 at Turnham Green, Middlesex, according to ship musters; parish church registers confirm the birth of...

Borough, Stephen (1525–1584), explorer and naval administrator

R. C. D. Baldwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; European History; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare. 2667 words.

Borough, Stephen (1525–1584), explorer and naval administrator, was born on 25 September 1525 at Borough House, Northam Burrows, Northam, Devon, the elder son of Walter Borough (1494–1548)...

Borough, William (bap. 1536, d. 1598), explorer and naval administrator

R. C. D. Baldwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; History of the Americas; European History; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare. 2473 words.

Borough, William (bap. 1536, d. 1598), explorer and naval administrator, was born at Borough House, Northam Burrows, Northam, Devon, to Walter Borough (1494–1548) and Mary (née Dough) and...

Byrd, Richard Evelyn

Vincent P. Norris.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare. 1630 words.

Byrd, Richard Evelyn (25 October 1888–11 March 1957), naval aviator and explorer, was born in Winchester, Virginia, the son of Richard Evelyn Byrd, an attorney, and Eleanor Bolling Flood....

Campbell, Victor Lindsey Arbuthnot (1875–1956), naval officer and Antarctic explorer

H. G. R. King.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making. 1106 words.

Campbell, Victor Lindsey Arbuthnot (1875–1956), naval officer and Antarctic explorer, was born on 20 August 1875 at 16 Adelaide Crescent, Hove, Sussex, son of Captain Hugh Campbell RN,...

Clapperton, Hugh (1788–1827), naval officer and traveller in Africa

Christopher Fyfe.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History; Travel and Holiday. 1464 words.

Clapperton, Hugh (1788–1827), naval officer and traveller in Africa, was born at Annan, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, the youngest son of George Clapperton, a surgeon, and his first wife, the...

Clerke, Charles (1743–1779), naval officer and circumnavigator

J. K. Laughton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History; Travel and Holiday; Maps and Map-making. 833 words.

Clerke, Charles (1743–1779), naval officer and circumnavigator, was born in Weatherfield, Essex, the son of Joseph Clerke, a farmer. He had a brother, Sir John Clerke, and a sister who...

Clerke, Richard (fl. 1572–1596), navigator and privateer

David B. Quinn.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History; Travel and Holiday; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare. 643 words.

Clerke, Richard (fl. 1572–1596), navigator and privateer, claimed to have been born at Buckhurst, Essex, but is generally referred to as 'of Weymouth'. He presumably learned his trade in...

Clifford, George, third earl of Cumberland (1558–1605), courtier and privateer

Peter Holmes.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Social and Cultural History; World History; Travel and Holiday. 3030 words.

Clifford, George, third earl of Cumberland (1558–1605), courtier and privateer, was born on 8 August 1558 in Brougham Castle, Westmorland, the eldest son of Henry Clifford, second earl of...

Collinson, Sir Richard (1811–1883), naval officer and explorer

J. K. Laughton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; History of the Americas; Asian History. 853 words.

Collinson, Sir Richard (1811–1883), naval officer and explorer, was born on 7 November 1811 at Gateshead, co. Durham, where his father, the Revd John Collinson (c.1791–1857), was rector....

Coxere, Edward (bap. 1633, d. 1694), sailor

Bernard Capp.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History; Travel and Holiday. 911 words.

Coxere, Edward (bap. 1633, d. 1694), sailor, was baptized on 16 June 1633 at St Mary's Church, Dover, the seventh (but second surviving) child of John Coxere (d. 1633), sailor, and his...

Crow, Hugh (1765–1829), privateer and slave trader

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History; Travel and Holiday. 567 words.

Crow, Hugh (1765–1829), privateer and slave trader, was born in Ramsey, Isle of Man, the son of Edmund Crow (1730–1809), a tradesman, and his wife, Judith (1737–1807). He lost his right eye...

Crowdy, Edith Frances (1880–1947), travel agent and member of the Women's Royal Naval Service

Lesley Thomas.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Travel and Holiday; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare. 522 words.

Crowdy, Edith Frances (1880–1947), travel agent and member of the Women's Royal Naval Service, was born on 25 August 1880 at 79 Victoria Road, Wandsworth, London, one of the four daughters...

Crozier, Francis Rawdon Moira (1796–1848), naval officer and polar explorer

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making. 1523 words.

Crozier, Francis Rawdon Moira (1796–1848), naval officer and polar explorer, was born on 17 September 1796 at Banbridge, co. Down, Ireland, the son of George Crozier (d. 1831), lawyer. He...

Cunningham, Peter Miller (1789–1864), naval surgeon and pioneer in Australia

G. C. Boase.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Surgery. 591 words.

Cunningham, Peter Miller (1789–1864), naval surgeon and pioneer in Australia, fifth and youngest son of John Cunningham (1743–1800) of Dalswinton, near Dumfries, land steward and farmer,...