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Becoming a revolutionary

in Mao

April 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History. 4286 words.

‘Becoming a revolutionary’ provides an overview of Mao Zedong's early life. Mao had a humble upbringing in rural China. He loved his mother, but clashed with his father. Against his...

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Brave new China?

Rana Mitter.

in Modern China

February 2008; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History; Political Geography. 445 words.

To what extent does the China envisaged a century ago resemble the China that exists now? ‘Brave new China?’ questions whether China today really is a ‘brave new world’ even though a glance...

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The Cold War in Southeast Asia

Ang Cheng Guan.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Cold War

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: History; Cold War; Asian History; Contemporary History (Post 1945). 8565 words.

This chapter examines the history of the Cold War in Southeast Asia. It explains that the onset of the Cold War coincided with nationalist struggles and decolonization, and explains why...

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Cold War Strategies/Power and Culture—East

Vladislav Zubok.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Cold War

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: History; Cold War; Asian History; Contemporary History (Post 1945). 8506 words.

This chapter examines the root motives behind the Soviet struggle against the West and the paradigm of Soviet international behavior related to the Cold War. It suggests that decolonization...

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Coming to terms with the Cultural Revolution

in The Cultural Revolution

January 2012; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History. 4966 words.

‘Coming to terms with the Cultural Revolution’ assesses the overall impact of the Cultural Revolution. The beginning of the end came with Mao's death in 1976. There was a relatively...

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Critical appreciation

in Gandhi

February 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History. 4522 words.

‘Critical appreciation’ examines Gandhi's legacy. Even five decades after his death, opinions about Gandhi's achievements remain deeply divided. For his critics he was too implacably...

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Critique of modernity

Bhikhu Parekh.

in Gandhi

February 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History. 4183 words.

‘Critique of modernity’ explains how, for Gandhi, modern civilization neglected the soul, privileged the body, misunderstood the nature and limits of reason, and had no appreciation of the...

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The Cultural Revolution

Richard Curt Kraus.

January 2012; p ublished online September 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History. 152 pages.

The Cultural Revolution: A Very Short Introduction illuminates China's decade-long Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. Moving beyond Mao Zedong, this VSI links Beijing's elite politics...

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The Cultural Revolution: it's right to rebel

in Mao

April 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History. 5074 words.

‘The Cultural Revolution: it's right to rebel’ examines Mao's attempt to reform Chinese society. Mao mobilized the country's youth against anyone in authority who was deemed to be taking...

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Culture: “destroy the old, establish the new”

in The Cultural Revolution

January 2012; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History. 5847 words.

‘Culture: “destroy the old, establish the new”’ examines the Cultural Revolution's effects on the arts. The Cultural Revolution sought to eliminate feudal and bourgeois artistic influences,...

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Decline and death

in Mao

April 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History. 4176 words.

‘Decline and death’ recounts the end of Mao's life. Sino-Soviet relations continued to deteriorate, culminating in costly border skirmishes. Mao became distrustful of his second-in-command,...

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Economic miracles and the making of a postmodern society

in Modern Japan

April 2009; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History; Political Geography. 9600 words.

‘Economic miracles and the making of a postmodern society’ is concerned with the end of World War II, Allied occupation and Japan's rapid economic growth in the postwar period. Occupation...

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An economy of “self-reliance”

in The Cultural Revolution

January 2012; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History. 5350 words.

‘An economy of “self-reliance”’ assesses Maoist economic policies. China was traditionally poor but egalitarian. Disorder at the start of the Cultural Revolution caused decline, before...

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First years of the People's Republic

in Mao

April 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History. 5489 words.

‘First years of the People's Republic’ investigates the early period of Mao's rule of China. Mao had considerable, but not absolute, power. He sought an alliance with the Soviet Union, but...

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Gandhi

Bhikhu Parekh.

February 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History. 160 pages.

Gandhi was one of the few men in history to fight simultaneously on moral, religious, political, social, economic, and cultural fronts. During his time as a lawyer in South Africa he...

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The Great Leap Forward and its aftershocks

in Mao

April 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History. 4243 words.

‘The Great Leap Forward and its aftershocks’ assesses Mao's disastrous economic initiative. Tensions with the USA and the Soviet Union meant China had to rely on itself. The Great Leap...

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Human nature

in Gandhi

February 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History. 4921 words.

‘Human nature’ explains how Gandhi's theory of man bypasses the traditional Western debate on whether human beings were naturally good or evil. Since human beings had souls and were...

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Imperial revolution: embracing modernity

in Modern Japan

April 2009; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History; Political Geography. 5844 words.

‘Imperial revolution: embracing modernity’ shows how Japan endeavoured to transform itself into a modern, imperial nation in the second half of the 19th century. Japan needed to modernize...

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Introduction: China’s unfinished revolution

in The Cultural Revolution

January 2012; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History. 6342 words.

‘Introduction: China's unfinished revolution’ provides a general overview of the Cultural Revolution. Chinese revolutions had favoured modernism over Confucianism since the formation of the...

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Introduction: what's modern about modern Japan?

Christopher Goto-Jones.

in Modern Japan

April 2009; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History; Political Geography. 3179 words.

The ‘Introduction‘ considers the meaning of modernity and the way that Japan has engaged with it. Modernity was not just something that happened to Japan; instead Japan had to forge itself...

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