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Acromioclavicular Joint Trauma

Michael O’Keeffe, Kiran Khursid, Peter L. Munk and Mihra S. Taljanovic.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 936 words.

Chapter 10 reviews acromioclavicular joint trauma. The acromioclavicular (AC) joint represents the articulation between the acromion process and lateral clavicle and is a synovial joint...

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Acute cardiac care

Susanna Price, Roxy Senior and Bogdan A. Popescu.

in The EACVI Textbook of Echocardiography

November 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine; Radiography. 7476 words.

Echocardiography is fundamental to the assessment and management of patients with acute cardiac disease, and differs from outpatient echocardiography in some key areas. Echocardiography...

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Adult congenital heart disease

Giovanni Di Salvo, Werner Budts and Owen I. Miller.

in The EACVI Textbook of Echocardiography

November 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine; Radiography. 15709 words.

Echocardiography has a well-established role in the assessment of adults with congenital heart disease. It provides accurate anatomical and functional information and is a bedside,...

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Alkaptonuria (Ochronosis)

Josephina A. Vossen.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 572 words.

Chapter 39 discusses alkaptonuria (ochronosis), a rare hereditary metabolic disease that leads to the deposition of homogentisic acid. Homogentisic acid accumulation causes damage to...

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Amyloidosis

Kevin B. Hoover.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 1484 words.

Chapter 51 discusses amyloidosis, which is a group of rare diseases resulting from protein deposition. Joint involvement is similar in appearance to rheumatoid arthritis, and bone...

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Anemias

Kevin B. Hoover.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 2

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 2914 words.

Chapter 74 discusses anemia conditions including sickle cell disease and thalassemia. Anemia is a condition of decreased oxygen delivery to organs caused by a deficit of functional red...

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Ankle Arthrography

Matthew DelGiudice.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 2

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 401 words.

Chapter 103 describes the indications, technique, and imaging findings of ankle arthrography. Ankle arthrography is selectively performed in clinical practice for MRA. It is typically...

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Ankle Trauma

Pavan Parasu and Winnie A. Mar.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 2255 words.

Chapter 23 reviews the mechanism of injury and clinical features, imaging strategy, imaging characteristics and classification and treatment options of ankle fractures. The Lauge-Hansen and...

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Ankylosing Spondylitis

Kevin B. Hoover.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 1932 words.

Chapter 32 discusses ankylosing spondylitis (AS), which is an inflammatory disease. It primarily affects white men. AS is a potentially debilitating disease that progresses to ankylosis of...

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Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Radiology

Michael A. Bruno.

in Error and Uncertainty in Diagnostic Radiology

February 2019; p ublished online February 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography; Primary Care; Public Health. 7143 words.

This final chapter, which assumes no prior reader knowledge of the topic, reviews the promise of artificial intelligence (AI), especially machine learning and deep learning in radiology. We...

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Atypical Mycobacterial Infections

Remide Arkun.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 2

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 1916 words.

Chapter 90 reviews atypical mycobacterial infections of the musculoskeletal system, which are uncommon. At least 15 species of atypical mycobacteria have been mentioned in the literature as...

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Benign Chondroid Matrix Bone Tumors

Benjamin D. Levine and Leanne L. Seeger.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 3428 words.

Chapter 54 discusses benign chondroid matrix bone tumors, which are the most common benign primary bone tumors. They include osteochondroma, enchondroma, periosteal chondroma,...

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Benign Fibrous Matrix Bone Tumors

Albert Song.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 2074 words.

Chapter 56 discusses benign fibrous matrix lesions of bone, which are a group of tumor and tumorlike conditions with overlapping imaging characteristics. These lesions include entities such...

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Benign Osteoid Matrix Bone Tumors

Abhijit Datir.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 2316 words.

Chapter 52 on benign osteoid matrix bone tumors includes osteogenic (meaning osteoid or bony matrix producing) tumors such as osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma. Osteogenic lesions, or those...

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Benign Soft Tissue Masses

Kevin J. Blount.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 4991 words.

Chapter 65 discusses benign soft tissue masses, which are much more common than malignant lesions; however, there can be overlap between these categories, and some lesions have features...

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Benign Vascular Bone Tumors

G. Scott Stacy.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 2337 words.

The classification of vascular tumors of the skeleton can be thought of as a spectrum of disease including both benign and malignant entities. Chapter 60 focuses on the benign entities,...

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Bleeding Diseases

Kevin B. Hoover.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 2

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 2116 words.

Chapter 79 discusses bleeding diseases, which result from disruption of the normal blood clotting process. Genetic diseases that cause reduction or dysfunction of clotting factors...

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Bone Marrow Conversion and Reconversion

Kevin B. Hoover.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 2

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 2147 words.

Chapter 75 discusses bone marrow conversion and reconversion. The bone marrow is one of the largest organs in the body and it changes in composition throughout life. There is a normal...

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Brucellosis

Remide Arkun.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 2

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 2404 words.

Chapter 92 reviews musculoskeletal brucellosis. Brucellosis is a zoonosis of worldwide distribution that is caused by small, gram-negative, nonencapsulated coccobacilli of the genus Brucellanull...

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Calcium Hydroxyapatite Deposition Disease

Josephina A. Vossen.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 1092 words.

Chapter 37 discusses calcific hydroxyapatite deposition disease (HADD). Hydroxyapatite (HA) crystal deposition disease is a systemic disease of unknown etiology that is caused by...

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