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Immunology x Neurology x clear all

Ataxia and Orthostasis

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 843 words.

Neurological complications occur in approximately 20% of patients with Sjögren’s syndrome. Most commonly, patients have peripheral manifestations, including sensory ataxic ganglionopathy,...

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Autoimmune and paraneoplastic autonomic neuropathies

Steven Vernino and Angela Vincent.

in Autonomic Failure

May 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 8065 words.

Key points

Cancer patients may have autonomic dysfunction due to direct effects of the malignancy or due to remote effects mediated by the immune system. - Acute or subacute autonomic...

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Autonomic Failure

Edited by Christopher J. Mathias and Sir Roger Bannister.

May 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Neurology; Anatomy; Urology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology; Gastroenterology; Nephrology; Pain Medicine; Cardiovascular Medicine; Ophthalmology; Reproductive Medicine; Immunology; Endocrinology and Diabetes; Paediatrics; Geriatric Medicine; Anaesthetics; Pharmacology; Medical Toxicology; Surgery. 928 pages.

This new edition of Autonomic Failure features numerous new chapters and makes diagnosis increasingly precise by fully evaluating the underlying anatomical and functional deficits, thereby...

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Blurry Vision, Hearing Loss, and Constant Headache

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 1230 words.

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology, characterized pathologically by the presence of noncaseating granulomas and multinucleated giant cells. For unknown...

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A Case of a Fall After a Trip

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 1382 words.

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an acute inflammatory polyradiculoneuropathy that is hypothesized to be most commonly caused through the autoimmune mechanism of molecular mimicry. Typical...

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A Case of Cognitive Change in HIV

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 937 words.

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is caused by CNS infection with the John Cunningham (JC) virus. It occurs exclusively in patients who are immunosuppressed or under...

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A Case of Cognitive Impairment and Ataxia

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 902 words.

Celiac disease is an autoimmune enteropathy characterized by the presence of antigliadin antibodies and small intestinal mucosal injury, mediated by the adaptive immune system in response...

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A Case of Cranial Neuropathies and Leptomeningeal Enhancement

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 940 words.

IgG4-related disease is an immune-mediated fibroinflammatory syndrome that can affect nearly any organ system. Neurological involvement is uncommon. However, hypertrophic pachymeningitis,...

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A Case of Diabetes Insipidus and Enhancing Brain Lesions

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 1066 words.

Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare non-Langerhans histiocytosis that typically involves several organ systems. Approximately 50% of patients have CNS involvement. Symptoms are related...

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A Case of Fever and a Wrist Drop

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 1066 words.

Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a systemic illness that most often involves the skin, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract, in addition to the peripheral nervous system. It most often affects...

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A Case of Intractable Vomiting

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 1530 words.

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is an inflammatory disorder affecting the central nervous system, with clinical, imaging, and laboratory characteristics that are distinct...

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A Case of Longitudinally Extensive Transverse Myelitis

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 912 words.

Primary CNS angiitis (PACNS) is distinguished from other vasculitides by its exclusive involvement of the CNS, generally in a multifocal manner. Lesions are typically, but not invariably,...

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A Case of Monocular Blurred Vision

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 1795 words.

Multiple sclerosis (MS), an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, typically affects young to middle-aged adults. Women are affected nearly three times as often...

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A Case of Multifocal Neurological Symptoms

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 1230 words.

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an immune-mediated demyelinating disorder characterized by multifocal involvement of the CNS and encephalopathy. Diagnostic criteria also...

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A Case of Myelitis with a Positive Anticardiolipin Antibody

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 1572 words.

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by thromboembolic events and/or pregnancy morbidity in the setting of persistent antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL)....

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A Case of Optic Neuritis and Leg Weakness

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 1397 words.

Mononeuritis multiplex, a condition characterized by the involvement of multiple individual peripheral (and sometimes cranial) nerves, is frequently caused by vasculitides of various types....

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A Case of Personality Change and Seizure

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 1073 words.

The limbic encephalitides comprise a group of immune-mediated conditions that preferentially affect the limbic system, resulting in clinical manifestations such as memory deficits,...

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A Case of Progressive Myelopathy

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 1298 words.

Primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) is an inflammatory and neurodegenerative disease affecting the central nervous system. It most commonly presents as a progressive myelopathy,...

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A Case of Relapsing Visual Loss

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 1007 words.

Chronic relapsing optic neuritis (CRION) is a rare inflammatory condition that is characterized by repeated episodes of optic neuritis. Diagnostic testing for all other causes of optic...

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A Case of Stiffness in the Legs and Gradual Difficulty Walking

Aaron E. Miller, Tracy M. DeAngelis, Michelle Fabian and Ilana Katz Sand.

in Neuroimmunology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Immunology. 1281 words.

Atlanto-axial subluxation, which causes a spastic paraparesis, is a relatively rare, but very important to recognize, complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The presence of myelopathy...

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