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Adam, Robert Moyes (1885–1967), photographer and botanist

S. K. Hillhouse.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Photography and Photographs; Botany. 1000 words.

Adam, Robert Moyes (1885–1967), photographer and botanist, was born on 1 January 1885 at the Evangelical Union manse, Carluke, Lanarkshire, Scotland, the son of John Adam (1841–c.1916),...

Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver

R. C. D. Baldwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cartography; World History; Education; Prints and Printmaking. 719 words.

Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver, was born at Buckington, Warwickshire. He was educated at Eton between 1530 and 1536, and subsequently at the King's Hall,...

Akeley, Carl Ethan

Eleanor F. Wedge.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Installation Art, Mixed-Media, Assemblage, and Collage; Natural History; Engineering and Technology. 1175 words.

Akeley, Carl Ethan (19 May 1864–17 November 1926), taxidermist, naturalist, and inventor, was born near Clarendon, New York, the son of Daniel Webster Akeley and Julia Glidden, farmers. In...

Albin, Eleazar (d. 1742?), naturalist and watercolour painter

Peter Osborne.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; Drawing and Pastels; Painting. 1066 words.

Albin, Eleazar (d. 1742?), naturalist and watercolour painter, may have been born somewhere in the German states to a family named Weiss. Nothing is known of his early life, although he...

Aldridge, John Arthur Malcolm (1905–1983), painter and gardener

Anne Whiteman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Drawing and Pastels; Painting; Agriculture and Farming. 863 words.

Aldridge, John Arthur Malcolm (1905–1983), painter and gardener, was born near Woolwich, London, on 26 July 1905, the second of the three sons (there were no daughters) of Major John...

Ames, Blanche Ames

Jacqueline Van Voris.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality; Drawing and Pastels; Painting. 730 words.

Ames, Blanche Ames (18 February 1878–01 March 1969), artist and women's rights activist, artist and women’s rights activist, was born in Lowell, Massachusetts, the daughter of Adelbert...

Andrews, Henry Charles (fl. 1794–1830), botanical artist and engraver

Susanna Avery-Quash.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Drawing and Pastels; Painting; Science and Mathematics; Prints and Printmaking. 838 words.

Andrews, Henry Charles (fl. 1794–1830), botanical artist and engraver, is an elusive figure; little is known of his family background or education. He presumably received some artistic...

Atkins [née Children], Anna (1799–1871), botanist and photographic artist

Larry J. Schaaf.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Photography and Photographs; Botany. 688 words.

Atkins [née Children], Anna (1799–1871), botanist and photographic artist, was born on 16 March 1799 in Tonbridge, Kent, the only child of John George Children (1777–1852), scientist, and...

Audubon, John James

Keir B. Sterling.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; Science and Mathematics; Drawing and Pastels; Painting. 3213 words.

Audubon, John James (26 April 1785–27 January 1851), naturalist and artist, was born Jean Rabin Fougère in Les Cayes, Santo Domingo, the son of Captain Jean Audubon, a French sea captain,...

Bastin, (Alfred) Harold (1875–1962), entomologist and photographer

John S. Creasey.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Photography and Photographs; Entomology. 853 words.

Bastin, (Alfred) Harold (1875–1962), entomologist and photographer, was born at 48 Lower Union Street, Torquay, on 7 July 1875, the son of Richard Bastin (1849–1917), an ironmonger, and his...

Bauer, Ferdinand Lukas (1760–1826), botanical artist

D. T. Moore.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Drawing and Pastels; Painting; Science and Mathematics. 1284 words.

Bauer, Ferdinand Lukas (1760–1826), botanical artist, was born on 20 January 1760 at Feldsberg, Austria, the son of Lukas Bauer or Baur (1706/7–1762), court painter to the prince of...

Bauer, Franz Andreas (1758–1840), microscopist and botanical artist

R. J. Cleevely.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Drawing and Pastels; Painting; Science and Mathematics; Physics. 1383 words.

Bauer, Franz Andreas (1758–1840), microscopist and botanical artist, was born on 4 October 1758 in Feldsberg, Austria (now Valtice, Czech Republic). He was the second of the four sons of...

Beck, Henry Charles [Harry] (1902–1974), graphic artist and map designer

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cartography; World History; Graphic Design and Typography. 1133 words.

Beck, Henry Charles [Harry] (1902–1974), graphic artist and map designer, was born on 4 June 1902 at 14 Wesley Road, Leyton, Essex, the second child and only son of Joshua Try Beck,...

Beechey, Henry William (1788/9–1862), painter and explorer

Peta Rée.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Drawing and Pastels; Painting; African History. 928 words.

Beechey, Henry William (1788/9–1862), painter and explorer, was born probably at 37 Hill Street, Berkeley Square, London, the eldest son of the portrait painter Sir William Beechey...

bell metal

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

A type of bronze used in casting bells. It consists of 60–85% copper alloyed with tin, often with some zinc and lead included.

See overview in Oxford Index

Blackwell [née Blachrie], Elizabeth (bap. 1707, d. 1758), botanical author and artist

Doreen A. Evenden.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Drawing and Pastels; Painting; Science and Mathematics; Botany. 676 words.

Blackwell [née Blachrie], Elizabeth (bap. 1707, d. 1758), botanical author and artist, was baptized on 22 June 1707 at St Nicholas, Aberdeen, the sixth daughter of a prosperous stocking...

Bogdani, Jacob (1658–1724), still-life and bird painter

Diana Brooks.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Drawing and Pastels; Painting; Ornithology. 896 words.

Bogdani, Jacob (1658–1724), still-life and bird painter, was born on 6 May 1658 in Eperjes, upper Hungary, the son of Lucas Bogdani (fl. 1656–1684), painter, and his wife, Susanna. He was...

Bolton, James (bap. 1735, d. 1799), natural history artist and mycologist

Mark Seaward.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Drawing and Pastels; Painting; Mycology and Fungi; Natural History. 699 words.

Bolton, James (bap. 1735, d. 1799), natural history artist and mycologist, was baptized on 23 November 1735; he was probably born on a farm in the Calder valley, Yorkshire. He was the...

Bowen, Emanuel (1693/4–1767), engraver and map maker

Iolo Roberts and Menai Roberts.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cartography; World History; Prints and Printmaking. 1574 words.

Bowen, Emanuel (1693/4–1767), engraver and map maker, was the son of Owen Bowen (d. 1730), gentleman, of Talley, Carmarthenshire, South Wales, and his wife, Anne (d. 1721). On 7 September...

Bowen, James (bap. 1718, d. 1774), painter and topographer

Jennett Humphreys.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Earth Sciences and Geography; Drawing and Pastels; Painting. 202 words.

Bowen, James (bap. 1718, d. 1774), painter and topographer, was baptized on 29 January 1718 at St Chad's, Shrewsbury, the son of John Bowen and his wife, Anne, née Wilding. He collected...