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A 60 million dollar statistical issue arising in the interpretation and calculation of a measure of relative disparity: Zuni Public School District 89 v. U.S. Department of Education

Joseph L. Gastwirth.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 16829 words.

In 1994, the U.S. Congress rewrote the statute providing educational funds to towns and cities of the nation where the federal government owns substantial amounts of land, which cannot be...

Aberconway

in Who Was Who

P ublished online December 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Business Finance. 216 words.

Born 16 April 1913; e s of 2nd Baron Aberconway, CBE, LLD and Christabel (d 1974), y d of Sir Melville Macnaghten, CB; ...

abstraction

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Law.

The action of removing something, such as the abstraction of water from a river, lake or groundwater, for use in industry. Also known as extraction, particularly when applied to a rock or...

See overview in Oxford Index

Accuracy, optimality and the preponderance standard

Edward K. Cheng and Michael S. Pardo.

in Law, Probability and Risk

September 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 10361 words.

Law-and-economics scholars have recently argued that the legal system should set burdens of proof on the basis of ex ante welfare considerations. In this article, we reject this welfarist...

Actions speak louder than images: the use of neuroscientific evidence in criminal cases

Stephen J. Morse.

in Journal of Law and the Biosciences

August 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical and Healthcare Law; Bioethics. 3317 words.

Go to »  full text: open access

Actuarial assessment of damages in personal injury litigation: how precise are we?

Felix W. H. Chan, Wai-Sum Chan and Johnny S. H. Li.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2012; p ublished online November 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

In personal injury litigation, claimants may seek their compensation for future losses or expenses as a lump sum that is determined by the product of a multiplicand and a multiplier. The...

Actuarial risk assessment. The loss of recognition of the individual offender

Rasmus H. Wandall.

in Law, Probability and Risk

September 2006; p ublished online February 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

The paper is about the design of sentencing decision-making. It contrasts the actuarial risk assessment instrument (ARAI) in the Commonwealth of Virginia to the statutory and judicial...

Addressing diversion effects

David B. Resnik.

in Journal of Law and the Biosciences

July 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical and Healthcare Law; Bioethics. 1248 words.

Alan Wertheimer argues that those who promulgate principles of research ethics have a responsibility to take into account the diversion effects of those principles. In this commentary, I...

The admissibility of expert testimony about cognitive science research on eyewitness identification

Edward Stein.

in Law, Probability and Risk

December 2003; p ublished online December 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

Eyewitness identifications are important to jurors, especially in criminal trials. Psychological research has shown, however, that eyewitness testimony is systematically fallible in ways...

Affirming the need for a new model for the regulation of drug promotion: a rebuttal to Krause and Zettler

Alan Bennett, Freddy Jiménez and Larry Fields.

in Journal of Law and the Biosciences

April 2016; p ublished online February 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical and Healthcare Law; Bioethics. 1558 words.

Go to »  full text: open access

Against symbolization*

D. Michael Risinger.

in Law, Probability and Risk

June 2012; p ublished online June 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

Aggregating for accuracy: a closer look at sampling and accuracy in class action litigation

Hillel J. Bavli.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2015; p ublished online September 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 14398 words.

Courts and authors have suggested that, under certain circumstances, claim aggregation—and statistical sampling procedures in particular—can increase not only efficiency, but accuracy as...

Albert, Charles (b. 1767, d. in or after 1834)

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Engineering and Technology; Engineering (General). 3 words.

See Industrial spies

Alden, John

Mark A. Peterson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; World History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 916 words.

Alden, John (1599?–12 September 1687), farmer and magistrate, was one of the original settlers of Plymouth Colony, arriving in New England on the Mayflower in 1620. No definite information...

Analysing reasoning about evidence with formal models of argumentation

Henry Prakken.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2004; p ublished online March 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

This paper is on the formal modelling of reasoning about evidence. The main purpose is to advocate logical approaches as a worthwhile alternative to approaches rooted in probability theory....

Analysis of evidence in international criminal trials using Bayesian Belief Networks

Yvonne McDermott and Colin Aitken.

in Law, Probability and Risk

September 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 9792 words.

Abstract

This article demonstrates how different actors in international criminal trials could utilise Bayesian Networks (‘Bayes Nets’), which are graphical...

Analysis of experiments in forensic firearms/toolmarks practice offered as support for low rates of practice error and claims of inferential certainty

Clifford Spiegelman and William A. Tobin.

in Law, Probability and Risk

June 2013; p ublished online October 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 9073 words.

This article critically evaluates experiments used to justify inferences of specific source attribution (‘individualization’) to ‘100% certainty’ and ‘near-zero’ rates of error claimed by...

Analysis of sampling issues using Bayesian networks

A. Biedermann, F. Taroni, S. Bozza and C. G. G. Aitken.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2008; p ublished online December 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

This paper addresses the implementation of Bayesian sampling methodology in a graphical probability environment, i.e. Bayesian networks (BNs). An architecture of BNs which is able to be...

Antarctic Treaty

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Environmental Science.

An international treaty that is designed to preserve the unique environment of Antarctica by limiting development there. It was signed in 1959 by the seven countries (Norway, France,...

See overview in Oxford Index

Applying the Kelly criterion to lawsuits

Tristan Barnett.

in Law, Probability and Risk

June 2010; p ublished online April 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

This article analyses the risks and rewards involved in the litigation process, and whether it is beneficial for a victim to file a lawsuit against the injurer given there are risks...