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Bayesian phylolinguistics reveals the internal structure of the Transeurasian family

Martine Robbeets and Remco Bouckaert.

in Journal of Language Evolution

P ublished online August 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology; Language Evolution; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Human Evolution. 10518 words.

Abstract

The historical connection between the Transeurasian languages, i.e. the Japonic, Koreanic, Tungusic, Mongolic, and Turkic languages, is among the most...

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Bell, Julia (1879–1979), geneticist

Greta Jones.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Human Genetics; Social and Cultural History. 1376 words.

Bell, Julia (1879–1979), geneticist, was born on 28 January 1879 at Sherwood, Nottinghamshire. She was tenth of the fourteen children of James Bell, printer, and Katherine Thomas Heap. She...

corn

Overview page. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink — Genetics and Genomics.

Term used in the UK for wheat, in the USA for maize, and sometimes in Scotland and Ireland for oats; originally any grain. Kaffir corn is millet, kaffir manna corn is sorghum.

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donkey

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies — Genetics and Genomics.

Equus asinus, a close relative of the horse. The female is referred to as a jennet, the male as a jack. See Equus, horse-donkey hybrids.

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Fertile Crescent

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Archaeology.

A crescent-shaped region in the Middle East that in ancient times stretched along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea through the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers to the...

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Java man

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Genetics and Genomics.

An extinct subspecies of primitive man known from fossils obtained in central Java. Now classified as Homo erectus erectus, but formerly referred to as Pithecanthropus erectus.

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Little, Clarence Cook

Karen Rader.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural world, Country Life, and Pets; Organization and Management of Education; Genetics and Genomics; Science and Mathematics. 2204 words.

Little, Clarence Cook (06 October 1888–22 December 1971), scientist and educator, was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, the son of James Lovell Little, a Boston merchant, and Mary Robbins...

Mongoloid

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Genetics and Genomics.

Pertaining to a race of mankind, characterized by a faintly yellowish skin, an epicanthic fold, sparse body hair, and black straight head hair.

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Origin of Species

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Bibliography.

An abbreviated name for the most famous book by Charles Darwin that documented the phenomenon of evolution and elaborated a theory to explain its mechanism. The full title of the book was...

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retrodiction

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Philosophy.

The act of predicting the yet undiscovered results of past events. Useful theories of evolution should allow retrodictions that can be validated by looking in the right places within the...

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Salaman, Redcliffe Nathan (1874–1955), geneticist and Jewish activist

Paolo Palladino.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Genetics and Genomics; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics; Ethical Issues and Debates; Social Justice and Human Rights; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 1021 words.

Salaman, Redcliffe Nathan (1874–1955), geneticist and Jewish activist, was born Nathan Redcliffe Salaman, at 100 Redcliffe Gardens, Kensington, London, on 12 September 1874, the ninth of...

Saleeby, Caleb Williams Elijah (1878–1940), writer and eugenist

G. R. Searle.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics; Literature. 1450 words.

Saleeby, Caleb Williams Elijah (1878–1940), writer and eugenist, was born on 3 May 1878 at 1 Bedford Row, Worthing, Sussex, the only son of Elijah George Saleeby, the founder of the Mount...

Sequence comparison in computational historical linguistics

Johann-Mattis List, Mary Walworth, Simon J Greenhill, Tiago Tresoldi and Robert Forkel.

in Journal of Language Evolution

P ublished online July 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology; Language Evolution; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Human Evolution. 8967 words.

Abstract

With increasing amounts of digitally available data from all over the world, manual annotation of cognates in multi-lingual word lists becomes more...

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Shull, George Harrison

Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Journalism; Genetics and Genomics; Botany. 1264 words.

Shull, George Harrison (15 April 1874–29 September 1954), botanist and geneticist, was born on a farm near North Hampton, Ohio, the son of Harrison Shull and Catherine Ryman, farmers. A...

Studying language evolution in the age of big data

Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Nancy Retzlaff, Damián E Blasi, William Croft, Michael Cysouw, Daniel Hruschka, Ian Maddieson, Lydia Müller, Eric Smith, Peter F Stadler, George Starostin and Hyejin Youn.

in Journal of Language Evolution

P ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology; Language Evolution; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Human Evolution. 25939 words.

Abstract

The increasing availability of large digital corpora of cross-linguistic data is revolutionizing many branches of linguistics. Overall, it has...

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swine

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Any of a number of domesticated breeds of the species Sus scrofa (q.v.). Popular breeds include Berkshire, Chester White, Duroc, Hampshire, Hereford, Ohio Improved Chester, Poland China,...

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What smartphone apps may contribute to language evolution research

Olivier Morin, James Winters, Thomas F Müller, Tiffany Morisseau, Christian Etter and Simon J Greenhill.

in Journal of Language Evolution

P ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology; Language Evolution; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Human Evolution. 1601 words.

Abstract

Unlike a standard online experiment, a gaming app lets participants interact freely with a vast number of partners, as many times as they wish. The...

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