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A. P. Usher

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

(1883–1965), American economic historian.

The Harvard scholar Abbott Payson Usher will be remembered chiefly for three major monographs: The History of the Grain Trade in France,...

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Age Composition

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

An important aspect of population structure is its composition according to the size of each age group. Any grouping by age can be employed, depending on the purpose of an ...

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Agnelli Family

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

The origins of the Agnelli family can be traced to Villar Perosa, in Piedmont, where they were rich landowners from the beginning of the nineteenth century. There, on 13 August ...

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Agricultural Credit

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

Agricultural credit institutions and issues evolve in a manner complementary to evolution of agricultural production systems. The range of contemporary developed and developing countries...

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Agricultural Labor

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

Agricultural labor takes place in a bewildering variety of ways. The list includes family farms, community cooperation, slave estates, feudal dependents, full-time wageworkers, casual...

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Agricultural Marketing

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

This entry contains three subentries, overviews of regional and international trade, and a discussion of agricultural marketing boards.

The marketing of agricultural produce...

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Agricultural Policy

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

From remotest antiquity, governments have nearly always intervened everywhere in the organization of agricultural systems and in the distribution of agricultural products. Whether the focus...

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Agricultural Prices

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

Agriculture was the largest sector of the preindustrial economy, typically supporting three-quarters of the population. With incomes low, food accounted for a large share of consumption....

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Agricultural Rents

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

When all the technicalities involving the economists' definitions are removed, agricultural rent seemingly becomes an easy and practical concept to understand. It is the contract that one...

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Agricultural Risk Management

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

This entry contains three subentries, a historical overview and discussions of technological price stabilization and storage.

Agricultural production is highly susceptible to...

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Agricultural Wages

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

Agricultural wages constitute the payments needed to secure labor when that labor is obtained in some kind of market. Wages can be paid in many forms: food, beer, shelter, money ...

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air transport

Overview page. Subjects: Military History — Economic History.

1 the movement of personnel and cargo by air.

2 an aircraft designed to move personnel and/or cargo.

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American Indian Economies

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

This entry contains five subentries, an overview and discussions of Inca, Aztec, Maya, and indigenous North American economies.

The pre-European cultures of the New World exhibited...

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Andean Region

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

The Andean region, if a true economic unit, is composed of the present-day republics of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia, an area larger than France. Andean social or cultural zones also ...

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Animal and Livestock Diseases

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

The economic importance of animal disease cannot be underestimated, for the losses to farmers down the centuries have been immense. The costs of controlling disease are also great, and in...

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Anthropometric History

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

Attempts to define and estimate the standard of living originated more than three centuries ago, and eventually led to the system of national accounts in the twentieth century. Although...

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Antiques Trade

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

With the fall of the Greek Empire in the second century bce, the Romans became enthusiastic collectors, as captured works of art were brought to Rome. Bronze and marble statues ...

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Armour Family

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

Philip Danforth Armour (1832–1881) was born on a farm in Stockbridge, New York, and was educated at the Cazenovia Academy. At age twenty Armour journeyed to California, where he made ...

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Arms Industry

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

This entry contains two subentries, an overview of the history and a discussion of the organization of the arms industry.

Insofar as the purpose of economic history is to explain...

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Art Market

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities — Economic History.

Before offering an account of its historical development, it is first necessary to define what is meant by art market. An art market differs from the situation in which art ...

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