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1992

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

The programme of the European Community (EC) aimed at unifying its internal market by 1992. The target was the elimination of all barriers to the movement of goods, people, and capital...

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A & M trust

Overview page. Subjects: Financial Institutions and Services — Accounting.

Abbreviation for accumulation and maintenance trust. See discretionary trust; *18–25 trust.

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A. P. Usher

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History.

(1883–1965), American economic historian.

The Harvard scholar Abbott Payson Usher will be remembered chiefly for three major monographs: The History of the Grain Trade in France,...

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A1

Overview page. Subjects: Financial Institutions and Services.

A description of property or a person that is in the best condition. In marine insurance, before a vessel can be insured, it has to be inspected to check its condition. If it is “maintained...

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AAA

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

Shorthand term (taken from the credit rating system) used informally to indicate top credit worthiness.

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aajir

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

(Islam).

The lessor in a risk-sharing transaction, a practice permitted under Islamic law (the shira). See ijara.

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Aaron Director

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

(1901–2004)

Aaron Director was born in 1901 in Charterisk, in what is now Ukraine, late in 1901. He died at his home in Los Altos, California on 11 September 2004 ...

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A/B structure

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

Description of a two-tranche transaction: the A tranche is usually in the form of senior debt, while the B tranche is subordinated. It is commonly used as a method of ...

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abandon

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

Leaving an option to expire unexercised (cf. cabinet trade; exercise).

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abatement cost

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

The cost of securing a reduction in pollution. The abatement cost can be quoted as a cost per unit or the total cost of achieving a given target. The marginal abatement cost should be...

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Abba Ptachya Lerner

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

(1903–82)

Lerner was born in the Russian province of Bessarabia on 28 October 1903. He died in Tallahassee, Florida on 27 October 1982. After immigrating to England in 1906, Lerner...

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ABC Agreement

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

(USA).

The legal basis for a firm to finance the purchase of a membership of the New York Stock Exchange for an employee since only individuals can be members. A ...

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ABC securities

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

(USA).

A non-interest-paying convertible where the dividends on the underlying issue of common stock are passed through to the holders if the price of the common stock rises more...

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ABCP

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

Abbreviation for asset-backed commercial paper.

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ability to pay

Overview page. Subjects: Human Resource Management — Economics.

Generally a condition of an issuer of long-term debt to meet the principal and interest payments (cf. default). See credit analysis; credit ratings.

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ability to pay

Overview page. Subjects: Business and Management — Economics.

The principle that taxes should be levied on the basis of taxpayers' ability to pay. This normally leads to the view that as income or wealth increases, its marginal utility (its value to...

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ABMTN

Overview page. Subjects: Financial Institutions and Services — Accounting.

Abbreviation for asset-backed medium-term note.

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abnormal return

Overview page. Subjects: Financial Institutions and Services.

The return on an asset or security beyond that predicted by market movements alone (cf. alpha coefficient; specific risk; stock specific risk). See also anomaly; risk premium.

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above par

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

A security which is trading above its redemption value or par value. Purchasers of such securities will make a capital loss if held to maturity (cf. premium; discount). Many corporate bonds...

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above-the-line activities

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

A corporate or banking obligation that must appear on the balance sheet (cf. below-the-line activities). Sometimes known as on-balance sheet. See financial lease.

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