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Welfare and Poverty x clear all

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A ‘new politics’ of austerity, workfare and gender? The UK coalition government's welfare reform proposals

Julie MacLeavy.

in Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society

November 2011; p ublished online September 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Demographic Economics; Economic Methodology. 7714 words.

This paper considers the UK coalition government's austerity drive, which attempts to garner public support for the reduction or withdrawal of welfare entitlements through appeals to...

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A. C. Pigou’s rejection of Pareto’s law

Michael McLure.

in Cambridge Journal of Economics

July 2013; p ublished online October 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Individual Economists; History of Economic Thought (to 1925). 6997 words.

In Pigou’s Wealth and Welfare, as well as in each of the four editions of his The Economics of Welfare, one chapter is dedicated entirely to the critical assessment, and ultimate rejection,...

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Accounting for Heterogeneity in Growth Incidence in Cameroon Using Recentered Influence Function Regression

B. Essama-Nssah, Saumik Paul and Léandre Bassolé.

in Journal of African Economies

November 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Economywide Country Studies; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics; Microeconomics; Single Equation Models; Single Variables. 9781 words.

This paper frames growth incidence analysis within the logic of social impact evaluation understood as an assessment of variations in individual and social outcomes attributable to shocks...

Adaptation amidst Prosperity and Adversity: Insights from Happiness Studies from around the World

Carol Graham.

in The World Bank Research Observer

February 2011; p ublished online July 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty. 12388 words.

Some individuals who are destitute report to be happy, while others who are very wealthy report to be miserable. There are many possible explanations for this paradox; the author focuses on...

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Aggregate Economic Shocks, Child Schooling, and Child Health

Francisco H. G. Ferreira and Norbert Schady.

in The World Bank Research Observer

August 2009; p ublished online July 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Demographic Economics; Economic Development. 14413 words.

Do aggregate income shocks, such as those caused by macroeconomic crises or droughts, reduce child human capital? The answer to this question has important implications for public policy....

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Agricultural Growth and Poverty Reduction: Additional Evidence

Alain de Janvry and Elisabeth Sadoulet.

in The World Bank Research Observer

February 2010; p ublished online November 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Economic Development. 7219 words.

Agricultural growth has long been recognized as an important instrument for poverty reduction. Yet, measurements of this relationship are still scarce and not always reliable. The authors...

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Agricultural Trade Liberalization and Poverty Dynamics in Three Developing Countries

Julie Litchfield, Neil McCulloch and L. Alan Winters.

in American Journal of Agricultural Economics

December 2003; p ublished online December 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; International Trade; Agricultural Economics; Socialist Institutions and their Transitions; Economic Development. 4607 words.

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Alex, (Edward) Ephraim (1800–1882), founder of the Jewish Board of Guardians

Doreen Berger.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Social and Cultural History; Welfare and Poverty; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics. 839 words.

Alex, (Edward) Ephraim (1800–1882), founder of the Jewish Board of Guardians, was born on 12 December 1800 in St Katherine in the City of London. He was the eldest surviving son of Solomon...

An Alternative to Developing Stores in Food Deserts: Can Changes in SNAP Benefits Make a Difference?

Margaret Andrews, Rhea Bhatta and Michele Ver Ploeg.

in Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy

March 2013; p ublished online December 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Economics of Health; Agricultural Economics. 8561 words.

In the search for policies to reduce the effects of limited food access, little consideration has been given to how economic incentives could be used to make it easier for low-income...

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Are Poor, Remote Areas Left behind in Agricultural Development: The Case of Tanzania

Nicholas Minot.

in Journal of African Economies

March 2008; p ublished online August 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Economywide Country Studies; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics; Microeconomics; Single Equation Models; Single Variables. 10854 words.

The conventional wisdom in Africa is that economic reforms may have stimulated economic growth, but the benefits of this growth have been uneven, favoring urban households and farmers with...

Are The Poverty Effects of Trade Policies Invisible?

Monika Verma, Thomas W. Hertel and Ernesto Valenzuela.

in The World Bank Economic Review

June 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General; Mathematical Methods; Programming Methods; Mathematical and Simulation Modelling; International Trade; Welfare and Poverty; Agricultural Economics; Household Analysis. 8255 words.

Beginning with the WTO's Doha Development Agenda and establishment of the Millennium Development Goal of reducing poverty by 50 percent by 2015, poverty impacts of trade reforms have become...

Are WIC Nonrecipients at Less Nutritional Risk Than Recipients? An Application of the Food Security Measure*

Marianne Bitler, Craig Gundersen and Grace S. Marquis.

in Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy

January 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Agricultural Economics. 2597 words.

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Area variations in household income across Great Britain

Richard Berthoud.

in Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society

April 2008; p ublished online April 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics. 7294 words.

Researchers and policy makers have long been interested in the spatial distribution of income. But we lack a balanced assessment of the extent to which the national pattern of inequality is...

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An assessment of Labour’s record on income inequality and poverty

Robert Joyce and Luke Sibieta.

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

January 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Microeconomics. 11204 words.

We document the evolution of average incomes, poverty and inequality over the period of Labour government from 1997 to 2010, comparing these trends with those seen over other periods in...

Becher, John Thomas (1770–1848), Church of England clergyman and poor-law reformer

M. J. D. Roberts.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Welfare and Poverty; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 884 words.

Becher, John Thomas (1770–1848), Church of England clergyman and poor-law reformer, was born in Cork, the son of Michael Becher. Educated at Westminster School, he proceeded to Christ...

Benefit–Cost Analysis and Distributional Weights: An Overview

Matthew D. Adler.

in Review of Environmental Economics and Policy

July 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare Economics; Welfare and Poverty; Environmental Economics. 11422 words.

Benefit–cost analysis (BCA) evaluates policy choices by summing unweighted monetary equivalents, and is insensitive to distributional considerations. An established scholarly tradition...

Birth of the welfare state

David Garland.

in The Welfare State

March 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty. 4353 words.

‘Birth of the welfare state’ describes the embryonic version of the welfare state in Germany with Chancellor Bismarck’s social insurance laws in the 1880s. A decade later governments in...

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Bourne, William Sturges (1769–1845), politician and poor-law reformer

David Eastwood.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Welfare and Poverty; UK Politics. 1254 words.

Bourne, William Sturges (1769–1845), politician and poor-law reformer, was born on 7 November 1769 as William Sturges, the only son of the Revd John Sturges DD (1736/7–1807), prebendary of...

British tax credit simplification, the intra-household distribution of income and family consumption

Paul Fisher.

in Oxford Economic Papers

April 2016; p ublished online December 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Fiscal Policies and Behaviour of Economic Agents; Welfare and Poverty; Demographic Economics. 9394 words.

This paper asks whether targeting welfare benefits to women can be effective at changing household spending. We provide empirical evidence on this question by using a reform to the UK...

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Bush, Rice (c. 1610–1649), pamphleteer on poor relief

Paul Slack.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Social and Cultural History; Welfare and Poverty; Political Theory. 777 words.

Bush, Rice (c. 1610–1649), pamphleteer on poor relief, came to prominence in the public debates about new institutions for social welfare which took place in London at the end of the civil...