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A. J. Muste

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution — Military History.

(1885–1967), minister, labor organizer, antiwar activist.

Born in the Netherlands, Muste studied at theological seminaries in the United States and became a minister in the Dutch...

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AB AKTION

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

Nazi codename for the liquidation of Polish intellectuals and other leaders which took place during and after the Polish campaign. It has been estimated that about 3,500 were killed from...

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ABC-1 Plan

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

The outcome of secret American–British–Canadian military discussions in Washington which took place from January to March 1941. The plan, which had already been recommended to Roosevelt as...

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ABCA agreement

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

The America-Britain-Canada-Australia Armies Standardisation Program was set up under an agreement signed in 1964. New Zealand joined with observer status in 1965 and became a full member in...

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ABDA Command

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

Covering Burma, Malaya, the Netherlands East Indies and the Philippines (with the north-western part of Australia included from 24 January), was established on 15 January 1942 to reconcile...

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Aboriginal Traditional Warfare

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

Combined violence with ceremony and was a significant part of life for Aboriginal men and women. The four main types of traditional warfare were formal battles, ritual trials, raids for...

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Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders in the Armed Forces

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders have participated in each war Australia has fought since the end of the nineteenth century. Aboriginal trackers were employed by the Australian...

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Abu Yusuf Ya ʿqub al- Mansur

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

(c. 1160–1199), Almohad caliph.

Abu Yusuf Yaʿqub al-Mansur (“the Victorious”) became Almohad caliph in 1184 after his father’s death. His ambition to expand his Andalusian kingdom...

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Abwehr

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

(Ger.: Abwehr, defence),

the German intelligence and counter-intelligence service, 1920–45. The Abwehr served several political masters, being founded, against the spirit of the...

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Abyssinia

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Second World War.

Christian-ruled empire in the Horn of Africa and Upper Nile, whose orthodox church depended upon the patriarchate of Alexandria. Muslim expansion during the 7th and 8th centuries disrupted...

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Abyssinian War

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

1935–6.

Conflict between Abyssinia and Italy. Mussolini used a border incident in December 1934 at Walwal as a pretext for pursuing his aim of imperial expansion in north Africa....

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academies, Service

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

OverviewU.S. Military AcademyU.S. Naval AcademyU.S. Air Force AcademyU.S. Coast Guard Academy

Overview

U.S. Military Academy

U.S. Naval Academy

U.S. Air...

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ace

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

N. a military aviator who has shot down more than five enemy aircraft.

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ACE reaction forces

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

NATO's Allied Commander Europe (ACE) has immediate reaction forces—the ACE Mobile Force (AMF)—and rapid reaction forces, of which the ACE Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC) is the land component.

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Act of Chapultepec

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War — World History.

(1945)

An Inter-American conference, held in Mexico City. The Act of Chapultepec (1945), adopted by 20 republics, resolved to undertake joint action in repelling any aggression...

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Adelaide, HMAS

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

(Modified Chatham Class light cruiser). Laid down 1915, launched 1918; displacement 5560 tons; length 463 feet; beam 50 feet; 1922 armament 9 × 6-inch guns, 1 × 3-inch anti-aircraft gun ...

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Adlertag

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

Was the 13 August 1940, the day Göring started operation ADLERANGRIFF (Eagle Attack), a two-week assault on RAF Fighter Command's aircraft, airfields, and installations as a preliminary to...

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Admin Box battle

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

Fought in February 1944, the first major British success against the Japanese during the Burma campaign.

On 4 February 1944 the 55th Japanese Division, commanded by Lt-General...

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Administrative and Instructional Staff

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

(A & I Staff) was the cadre of permanent soldiers created just after Federation to train and administer the predominantly part-time citizen soldiers of the Commonwealth Military Forces (see...

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Admiral Harold R. Stark

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

(1880–1972),

US naval officer who, as Chief of Naval Operations (CNO), held the highest post in the US Navy at the time the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in December 1941. ...

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