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Abercorn

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

The family's Irish history began when James Hamilton of Linlithgow (d. 1618), created ist earl of Abercorn in the Scottish peerage in 1606, was granted lands in Co. Tyrone. His...

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Abraham Shackleton

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

(1697–1771), an English-born Quaker who came to Ireland as a tutor and subsequently set up a highly regarded school at Ballitore, Co. Kildare, which was continued by his son Richardnull...

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absentees

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

Concern over the failure of Irish proprietors to reside in the country has a long history, somewhat misleading in its apparent continuity. In the medieval period, particularly in the 14th...

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accountancy

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

The term accountant was first used in Ireland in 1761; the first accountancy partnership was formed in the 1790s. In 1888 the Institute of Chartered Accountants in Ireland was founded ...

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Act for Adventurers

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

Passed by the English parliament in February 1642, in a notable assertion of its claim to legislate for Ireland, in order to finance the suppression of the rising of 1641. ...

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Act of Explanation

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

(1665),

passed by the Irish parliament to resolve the problems created by the Act of Settlement. Grantees under the Cromwellian land settlement were required to surrender one‐third...

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Act of Resumption

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

(1700),

the concluding stage of the Williamite confiscations. Pushed through by opposition groups in the English parliament, it cancelled the royal grants by which William III had...

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Act of Union

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

1801.

United the parliaments of Great Britain and Ireland, abolished the Irish Parliament in Dublin, and ended Irish legislative independence granted in 1782. The Act originated...

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Acts of Resumption

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

A contentious feature of the politics of later medieval Ireland which may be set alongside taxation and absenteeism as an issue that helped to focus the developing political self‐awareness...

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Adam Averell

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

(1754–1847), Methodist minister. Born in Co. Tyrone and educated at Trinity College, Dublin, Averell was ordained into the Church of Ireland in 1777. However, he did not take up clerical...

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Adam Clarke

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

(c.1760–1832), Wesleyan Methodist preacher, theologian, and linguist, the most distinguished scholar thrown up by the Methodist movement in Britain or in Ireland. Born in Co. Londonderry of...

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Adam Loftus

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

(c.1533–1606), the dominant leader of the Church of Ireland under Elizabeth I. Born in Yorkshire, educated at Cambridge, he first came to Ireland in May 1560 as chaplain to the lord deputy,...

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Adam Loftus

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

(c.1568–1643), lord chancellor of Ireland and first Viscount Ely, a typical New English careerist in the Irish church–state apparatus. Brought over in the 1590s by his uncle and namesake...

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Aer Lingus

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

A ‘semi‐state’ body (see state enterprise), opened its first route in 1936, from Dublin to Bristol, extending to London later that year. Additional seasonal services, to the Isle of Man ...

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Agnes Campbell

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

‘the Lady of Kintyre’, Scottish noblewoman. Her third marriage in 1569 connected her husband, Turlough Luineach O'Neill, and her half‐brother, the earl of Argyll, who controlled the flow of...

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agrarian protest

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

Was a distinctive feature of Irish rural society from the appearance of the Whiteboys in Co. Tipperary in 1761 to the Famine. Secrecy was protected by the administration of oaths ...

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Aífe

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

(c.1152–c.1189),

daughter of Diarmait Mac Murchada by Mór, daughter of Ua Tuathail, king of Uí Muiredaig. According to Gerald of Wales Diarmait, in 1166, offered Strongbow her hand...

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air corps

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

A subordinate arm of the army since 1922, based at Baldonnell outside Dublin. Until the 1970s its operational role was never properly defined: its own commanding officer said it ‘was ...

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Airgialla

Overview page. Subjects: Religion — European History.

Meaning perhaps ‘the hostage‐givers’, is the name of a kingdom (or, more accurately, a federation of subkingdoms, independent of each other but conceding nominal suzerainty to an overking)...

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Alan Brodrick

Overview page. Subjects: European History.

(c.1660–1728), created Viscount Midleton 1717. The second son of the Co. Cork landed family (see Brodrick (Midleton)), Brodrick was prominent in the sole right agitation and a leading Whig...

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