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A. Betson

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(fl. 1751)

A. Betson is known only by his sole publication, Miscellaneous Dissertations, Historical, Critical, and Moral, On the Origin and Antiquity of MASQUERADES … (1751). He is...

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A. J. Ayer

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(1910–1989)

British philosopher, responsible for introducing the principles of logical positivism of the Vienna Circle to British philosophers. He was knighted in 1970.

Bo...

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ab esse ad posse valet consequentia

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

From the fact that something exists, it follows that it is possible.

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abandonment

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

Term used by existentialists to dramatize the sense of loss that comes from realizing that there is no external source of moral authority, such as a God.

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‘Abbas Mahmoud al -‘Aqqad

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(1889–1964)

‘Abbas Mahmoud al- ‘Aqqad was a writer, poet, historian, philosopher, journalist and translator. He was an energetic nationalist and saw himself very much as the...

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‘Abd al-Rahman Badawi

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(1917–2002)

‘Abd al-Rahman Badawi was born 4 February 1917 in a village on the out-skirts of Damietta, Egypt. He studied at the University of Cairo, later teaching there and at ...

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‘Abd al-Ra'uf al-Singkili

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(c.1024–1105 / 1615–93)

‘Abd al-Ra'uf al-Singkili was born in 1024 / 1615 in the coastal town of Singkel in west Sumatra, which was subject to the Aceh Sultanate, and died ...

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‘Abd al-Razzaq Lahiji

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(d. 1072 / 1662)

‘Abd al-Razzaq b. Ali b. Husayn Gilani al-Lahiji was one of the major scholars of the late Safavid period. Little is known of his life other ...

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‘Abd al-Wahhab ibn Ahmad al-sha‘arani

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(c.898–973 / c.1493–1565)

‘Abd al-Wahhab ibn Ahmad al-Sha‘arani was a descendent, he says, of Musa Abu ‘Imran, the son of the sultan of Tlemcen and a follower of the Sufi ...

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Abderites

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

Term for the two earliest atomists, Democritus and Leucippus, both of whom came from Abdera in northern Greece.

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‘Abdul Samad al-Falimbani

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(c.1116–1254 / c.1704–1838)

‘Abdul Samad al-Falimbani was one of the great and influential religious scholars in the eighteenth-century Malay Archipelago. Some historical sources...

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Abdulahad Davud

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(1866–1930)

Abdulahad Davud was born in Urmiya, Iran, in 1866. His first education was at American College there. After his graduation he was brought to Propaganda Fide College in...

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Abdulbaki Gölpinarli

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(1317–1402 / 1900–82)

Abdulbaki Gölpınarlı was born in Istanbul on 10 Ramadan 1317 / 12 Ocak 1900 and died in Istanbul on 6 Dhu'l-Qada 1402 / 25 August 1982. He ...

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Abdülhak Adnan Adivar

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(1882–1955)

Adnan Adivar was born in Gallipoli (Gelibolu) in 1882 and died in Istanbul on 1 July 1955. His lineage is traced back to Aziz Mahmut Hüdayi, a late sixteenth ...

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Abdullah Bosnevi

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(992–1054) / 1584–1644)

Abdullah Bosnevi was born in Bosnia in 992 / 1584. He began his education in Bosnia, but completed it in Istanbul. Then he moved to Bursa, which ...

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Abdullah Cevdet

Overview page. Subjects: Islam — Philosophy.

Abdullah Cevdet (1869– 1932),was a leading Ottoman/Turkish free-thinker, materialist, and Westernizer. He was born in the town of Arapgir in Maʿmuretʿül-Azîz Province of the Ottoman Empire...

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‘Abdullatif Harputi

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(1258–1334 / 1842–1916)

‘Abdullatif Harputi was born in Harput in 1258 / 1842 and died in Istanbul on 16 Şevval 1334 / 16 August 1916. He was an Ottoman scholar ...

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Aberdeen Philosophical Society

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

Also known as the Wise Club, the Aberdeen Philosophical Society was founded in January 1758 and continued to meet until the spring or early summer of 1773. The Society was ...

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Abhinavagupta

Overview page. Subjects: Theatre — Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art — Religious Studies — Indian Music — Hinduism.

(c.975–1025)

Greatest of the Kashmiri Śaiva theologians. His works deal with the theoretical, yogic, and ritual

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Abiezer Coppe

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Literature.

(1619–72),

a Ranter, preacher, mystic, and pamphleteer, famed for his eccentric behaviour (he preached naked in the streets of London, denouncing the rich); his two Fiery Flying...

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