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Abhinavagupta

Overview page. Subjects: Theatre — Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art — Religious Studies — Indian Music — Hinduism.

(c.975–1025)

Greatest of the Kashmiri Śaiva theologians. His works deal with the theoretical, yogic, and ritual

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Aesthetics of Difficulty

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

This entry traces the development of the aesthetics of difficulty (namely, writing or creating art that seems deliberately hard to understand or interpret) from the beginning of modernity...

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African Aesthetics

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

In academic (Western) scholarship, the systematic study of indigenous African aesthetic criteria really just began during the last decades of the twentieth century. Prior to then, the kinds...

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Aleatoric Processes

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

The Latin root for alea is a dice game: it represents an act of introducing elements of uncertainty in outcome with a predefined set of conditions. Chance, indeterminacy, and randomness ...

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Alienation, Aesthetic

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

The thesis of aesthetic alienation is that as a result of art's becoming an autonomous practice, the domain of the aesthetic is separated, alienated, from its own cognitive and normative ...

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Analytic Aesthetics

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

For examples of the types of entries characteristic of Analytic Aesthetics, which is derived from twentieth-century Anglo-American philosophy (and which is often contrasted with Continental...

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André Bazin

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art — Literature.

(1918–58)

Frenchfilm critic, co-founder and editor of the highly influential journal Cahiers du cinéma, the key organ of auteur theory. His essays, published posthumously in a...

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Anthropology and Aesthetics

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

From the time of its inception in the late nineteenth century until the rise of postmodern criticism a hundred years later, the discipline of anthropology developed principally within the...

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anti-art

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art — Art.

A loosely used term associated with art which debunks the traditional categories or concepts of art. It was supposedly coined by Marcel Duchamp in 1914. Dada was considered the first...

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Appreciation

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

The term appreciation is used in literary and art criticism for the act apprehending a work of art with enjoyment. In art theory and literary theory, the concept of appreciation ...

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Arab Aesthetics

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

In keeping with the traditional exegetical and normative method of Quranic and philological sciences, early aesthetic thought in Islam pursued a validation that might be called “argument by...

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Art of the Insane

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

In 1921 the Swiss psychiatrist Walter Morgenthaler published his book Ein Geisteskranker als Künstler (A Mental Patient as Artist), in which he presented both a clinical case history and an...

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Art World

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

Art is the product of collective action, of many people cooperating in the many activities without which particular works could not come into existence or continue to exist. They cooperate...

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Attitude

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

To explain the meanings and history of the concept of attitude, this entry comprises two essays:Aesthetic AttitudePictorial AttitudeThe first essay traces the history and critique of the...

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August Schmarsow

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

(1853–1936), German educator and art theoretician.

Schmarsow was born in Mecklenburg and died in Baden-Baden. As a student, after abandoning his original plan to study cultural...

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Black Aesthetic

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art — Art.

The foundations of the black aesthetic can be traced back to the nineteenth century and to a tradition of earlier writings, social and cultural movements, and literary manifestos extending...

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British Aesthetics

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

For discussions of British aesthetics from the eighteenth century to the present, see Addison; Alison; Arnold; Bell; Berkeley; Blair; Bullough; Burke; Coleridge; Collingwood; Cooper;...

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Byzantine Aesthetics

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

One of the trends in medieval aesthetics within the Greek-speaking culture of Byzantium (fourth to fifteenth century), Byzantine aesthetics was based on the aesthetic ideas of antiquity...

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Caribbean Aesthetics

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

Defining concepts such as “aesthetics,” “aesthetic expression,” “artist,” and “work of art” within the socioeconomic contexts of the Caribbean is extremely problematic for several reasons....

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Chinese Aesthetics

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art.

This entry comprises two essays on the artistic and aesthetic traditions of China:Historical OverviewPainting Theory and CriticismThe first essay traces the history of Chinese aesthetics...

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