Book

A Dictionary of Epidemiology

Edited by Miquel Porta

Published in print January 2008 | ISBN: 9780195314496
Published online January 2014 | e-ISBN: 9780199338931 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acref/9780195314496.001.0001
A Dictionary of Epidemiology

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Abatement

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 23 words.

The process of reducing or minimizing public health dangers and nuisances, usually supported by regulation or legislation; e.g., noise abatement,

ABC Approach

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 72 words.

“Abstinence, Be faithful, use Condoms.” ABC strategies are promoted to combat, foremost, infection with HIV and the HIV/AIDS pandemic as

Abortion Rate

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 20 words.

The estimated annual number of abortions per 1000 women of reproductive age (usually defined as ages 15–44).

Abortion Ratio

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 15 words.

The estimated number of abortions per 100 live births in a given year.

Abscissa

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 28 words.

The distance along the horizontal coordinate, or x axis, of a point P from the vertical or y axis of

Absolute Effect

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 32 words.

The effect of an exposure (expressed as the difference between rates, proportions, means), of the outcome, etc., as opposed to

Absolute Poverty Level

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 46 words.

Income level below which a minimum nutritionally adequate diet plus essential nonfood requirements is not affordable.13 The amount of

Absolute Rate

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 34 words.

The number of specified health events (disease onset, death, etc.) divided by the time at risk in a defined population

Absolute Risk

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 58 words.

The probability of an event (usually adverse, but it may also be beneficial) in the population under study. Contrast with

Absolute Risk Increase

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 63 words.

The absolute risk of adverse events in the treatment group (ART) minus the absolute risk of events in the control

Absolute Risk Reduction

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 175 words.

1. The arithmetic difference between two event rates. The amount by which the risk of an undesirable event is reduced

Acceptable Risk

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 62 words.

Risk that appears tolerable to some group. Risk that has minimal or long-term detrimental effects or for which the benefits

Acceptance Sampling

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 36 words.

Sampling method that requires division of the “universe” population into groups or batches as they pass a specified time point

Accident

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 67 words.

An unanticipated event—commonly leading to injury or other harm—in traffic, the workplace, or a domestic or recreational setting. The primary

Accumulation Of Risk

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 88 words.

The extent of cumulative damage to biological systems as the number, duration, or severity of exposures increases and as body

Accuracy

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 68 words.

1. The degree to which a measurement or an estimate based on measurements represents the true value of the attribute

Ace

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 5 words.

American College of Epidemiology.

Acquaintance Network

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 39 words.

A group of persons in contact or communication among whom transmission of an infectious agent and of knowledge, behavior, and

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 79 words.

The late clinical stage of infection with human immunodeficiency virus ( hiv), recognized as a distinct syndrome in 1981.

Active Life Expectancy

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 7 words.