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Architecture x History of Art x 20th-Century Art x Art Education x clear all

Bauhaus

Rainer K. Wick.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Ceramic Arts, Pottery, and Glass; Professional Interior Design; Metalwork; Painting; Architecture; Sculpture and Carving; Textiles and Embroidery; Art Education; 20th-Century Art. 4422 words.

[Bauhaus Berlin; Bauhaus Dessau, Hochschule für Gestaltung; Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar]

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was...

Bauhaus in America

Kathleen James-Chakraborty.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online September 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art; Architecture; Art Education; Art of the United States; 20th-Century Art. 973 words.

After the closure in 1933 of the Bauhaus in Berlin, its staff and students dispersed. Many found their way to the USA, where they became highly influential teachers as well as artists...

Beaux-Arts Institute of Design

Elizabeth Meredith Dowling.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online June 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Techniques and Principles; Art Education; Art of the United States; 19th-Century Art; 20th-Century Art. 428 words.

American organization dedicated to improving the quality of architectural education. Incorporated in 1916 by the architect Lloyd Warren (1867–1922), the Beaux-Arts Institute of Design...

Behrens, Peter

Iain Boyd Whyte.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Graphic Design and Typography; Industrial and Commercial Art; Painting; Architecture; Art Education; 19th-Century Art; 20th-Century Art. 2362 words.

(b Hamburg, April 14, 1868; d Berlin, Feb 27, 1940).

German architect, designer and painter. Progressing from painting and graphics to product design and architecture, Behrens...

Black Mountain College

Mary Emma Harris.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Performance Art and Dance; Architecture; Art Education; Art of the United States; 20th-Century Art. 1050 words.

Experimental liberal arts college at Black Mountain, NC, open from 1933 to 1957. In the 1940s and early 1950s Black Mountain College was a centre for a group of painters, architects,...

Blythe, S(ydney) W(allace) T(homas)

Richard Blythe.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online December 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Education; Industrial and Commercial Art; 20th-Century Art. 581 words.

(b London, Nov 13, 1905; d Hobart, Jan 1, 1985).

Australian architect of English birth. In 1918 Blythe obtained a scholarship to attend the London County Council School of...

Brown, Vernon

Ian J. Lochhead.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Education; Industrial and Commercial Art; 20th-Century Art. 205 words.

[Akitt]

(b London, March 23, 1905; d Auckland, Jan 28, 1965).

New Zealand architect of English birth. He was educated at Highgate School, London, and arrived in New...

Butler, Howard Crosby

Lawrence E. Butler.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; Art Education; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Art of the United States; Greek and Roman Art; 20th-Century Art. 365 words.

(b Croton Falls, NY, March 7, 1872; d Paris, Aug 13, 1922).

American archaeologist and teacher. After receiving his MA in 1893 from Princeton University with a fellowship in...

Cloquet, Louis

Luc Verpoest.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Education; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Early Medieval, Romanesque and Gothic Art; 19th-Century Art; 20th-Century Art. 363 words.

(b Feluy, Jan 10, 1849; d Ghent, Jan 11, 1920).

Belgian architect and writer. He trained as a civil engineer under Adolphe Pauli at the Ecole Spéciale de Génie Civil of the State...

Conder, Josiah

Hiroyuki Suzuki.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Education; History of Art; 19th-Century Art; 20th-Century Art; East Asian Art. 405 words.

(b London, Sept 28, 1852; d Tokyo, 1920).

English architect, active in Japan. He was articled to Roger Thomas Smith and then entered the office of William Burges. In 1876 he was...

Crane, Walter

Christopher Newall.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ceramic Arts, Pottery, and Glass; Graphic Design and Typography; Professional Interior Design; Painting; Art Education; Book Arts and Illustration; 19th-Century Art; 20th-Century Art. 1011 words.

(b Liverpool, Aug 15, 1845; d Horsham, W. Sussex, March 14, 1915).

English painter, illustrator, designer, writer and teacher. He showed artistic inclinations as a boy and was...

Deilmann, Harald

Claudia Bölling.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Education; History of Art; 20th-Century Art. 610 words.

(b Gladbeck, Aug 30, 1920).

German architect, teacher and writer. After serving in the German army, he studied architecture (1946–8) at the Technische Hochschule, Stuttgart, under...

Dicker-Brandeis, Friedl

Courtney Gerber.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online October 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Professional Interior Design; Painting; Photography and Photographs; Art Education; 20th-Century Art. 1132 words.

[Dicker, Friederike]

(b Vienna, July 30, 1898; d Auschwitz-Birkenau, Oct 9, 1944).

Austrian designer, painter, teacher and political activist. The only child of Simon...

Gropius, Walter

Gilbert Herbert.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art; Architecture; Art Education; History of Art; Art of the United States; 20th-Century Art. 3319 words.

(Adolf Georg)

(b Berlin, May 18, 1883; d Boston, MA, July 5, 1969).

American architect, industrial designer and teacher of German birth. He was one of the most...

Guadet, Julien Azais

Jean-Paul Midant.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Education; 19th-Century Art; 20th-Century Art. 537 words.

(b Paris, Dec 25, 1834; d Paris, May 17, 1908).

French architect and teacher. He was an outstanding student for 11 years at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris (1853–64), where...

Helleputte, Joris

Luc Verpoest.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Education; 19th-Century Art; 20th-Century Art. 328 words.

[Georges]

(b Ghent, Aug 31, 1852; d Leuven, Feb 22, 1925).

Belgian architect and politician. In 1873 he obtained his diploma in civil engineering at the Ecole...

Hillenbrand, Robert

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online July 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Education; History of Art; Religious Art; Islamic Art; 20th-Century Art; Contemporary Art. 307 words.

(b. 2 Aug. 1941, Damgarten, Germany).

British historian of Islamic art and architecture. Hillenbrand was educated at the universities of Cambridge and Oxford, earning his...

Holzmeister, Clemens

Michael Spens.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Education; 20th-Century Art. 338 words.

(b Fulpmes, Tyrol, March 27, 1886: d Salzburg, June 12, 1983).

Austrian teacher and architect. He was educated at the Technische Hochschule, Vienna, where he was made...

Hryniewiecki, Jerzy

Wanda Kemp-Welch.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art; Architecture; Art Education; 20th-Century Art. 366 words.

(b Dorpat, Russia [now Tartu, Estonia], April 21, 1908; d Warsaw, Aug 25, 1988).

Polish architect, designer and teacher. He graduated in architecture from Warsaw Technical...

Inkhuk

John E. Bowlt.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Education; 20th-Century Art. 890 words.

[Institut Khudozhestvennoy Kultury; Rus.: ‘Institute of Artistic Culture’]

Soviet institute for research in the arts that flourished from 1920 to 1926. Inkhuk was a dominant...