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Albert Magnus

Overview page. Subjects: Bibliography — Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

(b 1642; d 1689).

Dutch bookbinder. Magnus made luxury pointillé bindings related in style to those of contemporary French binders, but distinguished from their work by the...

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Aloys Senefelder

Overview page. Subjects: Bibliography — Art.

(b Prague, 6 Nov. 1771; d Munich, 26 Feb. 1834).

German writer who in 1798 invented lithography as a cheap means of reproducing his plays. He soon realized the artistic...

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Bartolomeo Sanvito

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Bibliography.

 (1435–1511) Italian scribe, scholar, and illuminator.

Beginning his career in Padua c.1453, he was mostly in Rome from 1469, and died in Padua. His illumination (see illuminated...

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bibelot

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Bibliography.

In French the term denotes an object without value such as a trinket or curio, though the workmanship can vary from the crude to the luxurious.

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book art

Overview page. Subjects: Bibliography — Art.

A term applied to books produced as a kind of Conceptual art, valued for the ideas they embody rather than for their appearance or literary content. This type of work originated in the...

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bookplate

Overview page. Subjects: Bibliography — Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

A decorative label stuck in the front of a book, bearing the name of the book's owner.

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cardboard

Overview page. Subjects: Bibliography — Art.

A thin but stiff board usually made from paper pulp or sheets of paper, sometimes used as an inexpensive support for paintings. Millboard is a term applied to a relatively stout type. Etty...

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carte-de-visite

Overview page. Subjects: Bibliography — Photography and Photographs.

(French, ‘calling card’)

A small card, bearing a photographic portrait, used as a supplement to the normal visiting card. Such cards were especially popular just after the middle...

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Christie's

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Bibliography.

The world's oldest firm of fine art auctioneers (Sotheby's was established earlier, but originally sold only books). It was founded by James Christie (1730–1803), who gave up a commission...

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chromolithography

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Bibliography.

The process of making coloured prints by lithography, using a separate stone or plate for each colour. The term is usually applied to reproductive prints rather than to original works.

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Dalziel brothers

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Bibliography.

Firm of English wood engravers founded in London in 1839 by George Dalziel (b Wooler, Northumberland, 1 Dec. 1815; d London, 4 Aug. 1902) and Edward Dalziel (b Woole...

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Edward Johnston

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art — Bibliography.

(1872–1944)

Johnston was an important British calligrapher, typeface designer, and educator. After ill‐health had cut short his study of medicine at Edinburgh University he decided...

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Elias Avery Lowe

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Bibliography.

 (1879–1969) Palaeographer,

who studied at the University of Munich under Traube. Lowe published a number of important works on early medieval palaeography, including The...

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Florimond Badier

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design — Bibliography.

(fl 1630–45).

French bookbinder who is primarily associated with the pointillé style. He used a distinctive finishing stamp, the profile of a man's head in dotted outline. Only...

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Galle family

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Bibliography.

(active 16th–17th centuries)

Netherlandish family of engravers and print publishers, founded by the prolific Philips Galle (1537–1612). Working in Haarlem and Antwerp, he produced...

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Hafiz Osman

Overview page. Subjects: Bibliography — Art.

(b. Istanbul, 1642; d. Istanbul, 1698).

Ottoman calligrapher. Son of a muezzin at the Haseki Sultan Mosque, he memorized the Koran at an early age and became known as Hafiz ...

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Harry N. Abrams

Overview page. Subjects: Bibliography — Art.

New York publisher of art books and reproductions, founded 1949.

Each volume in the Library of Great Painters (1950) included 50 pages of high-quality colour plates and sold for...

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hatching

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Bibliography.

The use of closely spaced parallel lines to suggest shading. The technique is found mainly in drawing and engraving, but is also used, for example, in tempera painting. When intersecting...

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heliogravure

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs — Bibliography.

A method of engraving by means of the action of light on a sensitized surface; hence an engraved plate, or an engraving, thus obtained. See also photogravure.

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Herman Scheerre

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Bibliography.

 (fl. c.1388–c.1422) An illuminator of German or Flemish origin.

In London during the first quarter of the 15th century, he is probably the most important illuminator...

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