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Regional and National History x Middle Eastern History x Historical Geography x clear all

Aezani

Stephen Mitchell.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 324 words.

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Albania, Transcaucasian

David C. Braund.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 182 words.

Albania (Transcaucasian), the land between *Iberia and the *Caspian, to the north of *Media Atropatene: it now lies largely within northern Azerbaijan and Daghestan. Albania comprises an...

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Apamea

Arnold Hugh Martin Jones and Susan Mary Sherwin-White.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 126 words.

Apamea, a city on the *Orontes, *Syria, which replaced the Macedonian military colony of Pella. It was founded by Seleucus I (or perhaps Antiochus I). It was the military headquarters of Seleucid...

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Asia Minor, classical

Stephen Mitchell.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 580 words.

The geographical term Asia Minor is used to denote the westernmost part of the Asian continent, equivalent to modern Turkey between the Aegean and the Euphrates. The western and southern coastal...

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Bactria

Pierre Briant and Amélie Kuhrt.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 505 words.

Enormous region lying (roughly) between the *Oxus (Amu-Darya) to the north and the Hindu Kush to the south; the term occasionally also includes Sogdiana to the north (Tadjikistan/Uzbekistan). The...

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Byzantium

Alexander John Graham and Stephen Mitchell.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Byzantine Studies; Middle Eastern History. 462 words.

Byzantium, a famous city on the European side of the south end of the *Bosporus (1), between the Golden Horn and the *Propontis. The Greek city occupied only the eastern tip of the promontory, in the...

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Cappadocia

Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton and Antony Spawforth.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 745 words.

Cappadocia, at one time designated the whole region between Lake Tatta and the *Euphrates, and from the *Euxine Sea to *Cilicia; but the northern part became ‘Cappadocian Pontus’ or simply...

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Coptus

Walter Eric Harold Cockle.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 194 words.

Coptus (mod. Qift), a nome-capital of Upper *Egypt on the east bank of the Nile. The temple of Min, repaired by Ptolemy II (see ptolemy(1)), remained important until the Christian period....

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Cyprus

Hector Catling.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 1518 words.

Cyprus, third largest Mediterranean island (9,282 sq. km.: 3,584 sq. mi.) was of strategic and economic importance to the Mediterranean and near eastern powers, and significant both to...

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Ethiopia

Robert G. Morkot.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 287 words.

Ethiopia was a name usually applied by the Greeks to any region in the far south (but north of the equator). Perhaps originally designating radiance reflected by dwellers in the east from the morning...

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Gaugamela

John F. Lazenby.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 196 words.

Gaugamela, village in Iraq (now Tell Gomel?), scene of *Alexander (3) the Great's decisive victory over *Darius III of Persia in 331 bce. The battle appears to have opened with a Persian...

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Granicus

John F. Lazenby.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 178 words.

River in NW Asia Minor (now Kocabaş), scene of *Alexander (3) the Great's first victory over the Persians (334 bce). Of the sources *Arrian's version is probably preferable. Alexander began...

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Hellespontine Phrygia

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 16 words.

The district of *Asia Minor closest to the *Hellespont. See dascylium; pharnabazus.

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Hydaspes

John F. Lazenby.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 176 words.

River of the Punjab (probably the Jhelum), where *Alexander(3) the Great defeated *Porus in 326 bce. After continually stretching the enemy by marching and countermarching along the river,...

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Jaffa

Benjamin Isaac.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Middle Eastern History. 7254 words.

The city of Joppe/Jaffa/Yafo on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean, immediately south of modern Tel Aviv, has a long history of importance as an urban centre, from the Middle Bronze Age...

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Media Atropatene

Susan Mary Sherwin-White.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 155 words.

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Pergamum

Antony Spawforth and Charlotte Roueché.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 656 words.

Pergamum, in Mysia c.24 km. (15 miles) from the *Aegean, a natural fortress of great strategic importance commanding the rich plain of the river Caïcus; important historically as the capital of the...

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Samosata

Margaret Stephana Drower, Eric William Gray and Antony Spawforth.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 158 words.

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Synnada

Stephen Mitchell.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 132 words.

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