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Regional and National History x Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) x clear all

Abbasid Courtesans and the Question of Social Mobility

Matthew S. Gordon.

in Concubines and Courtesans

December 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Asian History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 12761 words.

This chapter considers the rise to prominence by enslaved and freed persons in the major urban centers of the first Abbasid period (c. 750–900 CE). It uses the example of elite female...

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Across the ocean: seafaring and overseas expansion

Julian D. Richards.

in The Vikings: A Very Short Introduction

September 2005; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); European History. 4663 words.

What was it about the Vikings and their dragon-headed longships that makes them seem so distinctive in our imagination? Overseas exploits were not exceptional at that time. ‘Across the...

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Adela, countess of Blois (c. 1067–1137), princess

Lois L. Huneycutt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 1668 words.

Adela, countess of Blois (c. 1067–1137), princess, was in all probability the youngest daughter of William I, the Conqueror (1027/8–1087), and his queen, Matilda of Flanders (d. 1083)....

Adelida [Adeliza] (d. before 1113), princess

Elisabeth van Houts.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 560 words.

Adelida [Adeliza] (d. before 1113), princess, was probably the eldest of the daughters of William I, the Conqueror (1027/8–1087), and Matilda of Flanders (d. 1083). As Adelida she heads...

Adeliza [Adeliza of Louvain] (c. 1103–1151), queen of England, second consort of Henry I

Lois L. Huneycutt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: European History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 990 words.

Adeliza [Adeliza of Louvain] (c. 1103–1151), queen of England, second consort of Henry I, was a daughter of Godfrey, count of Lower Lorraine and duke of Brabant (d. 1139), and his first...

Ælfgifu [Ælfgifu of Northampton] (fl. 1006–1036), first consort of King Cnut

Pauline Stafford.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 650 words.

Ælfgifu [Ælfgifu of Northampton] (fl. 1006–1036), first consort of King Cnut, was the daughter of Ælfhelm, ealdorman of southern Northumbria (d. 1006), and of Wulfrune. She belonged to a...

Ælfgifu (fl. 956–966), consort of King Eadwig

Pauline Stafford.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 939 words.

Ælfgifu (fl. 956–966), consort of King Eadwig, was possibly a descendant of Ealdorman Æthelfrith of Mercia (fl. c.900) and of his wife, Æthelgyth, who may have been niece of Ealhswith, wife...

Ælfthryth (d. 929), princess

Elisabeth van Houts.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 467 words.

Ælfthryth (d. 929), princess, was the youngest of three daughters of King Alfred (d. 899) and Queen Ealhswith, daughter of Æthelred Mucel, ealdorman of the 'Gaini'. She also had two...

Ælfthryth (d. 999x1001), queen of England, consort of King Edgar

Pauline Stafford.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 1240 words.

Ælfthryth (d. 999x1001), queen of England, consort of King Edgar, was the daughter of Ordgar (d. 971), a powerful magnate of south-west England, and of a royally descended mother of unknown...

Æthelred and Cnut: The Decline of the English Monarchy

John Blair.

in The Anglo-Saxon Age: A Very Short Introduction

August 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); European History. 1477 words.

The following two reigns after Eadgar would show that there were many limitations to West Saxon kingship of England. Edward ‘the Martyr’ lasted just a short while before being replaced...

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Æthelred II [Ethelred; known as Ethelred the Unready] (c. 966x8–1016), king of England

Simon Keynes.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 11489 words.

Æthelred II [Ethelred; known as Ethelred the Unready] (c. 966x8–1016), king of England, was the younger son of King Edgar (r. 959–75) and his wife, Ælfthryth (d. 999x1001), daughter of...

Æthelstan Ætheling [Athelstan the Atheling] (d. 1014), prince

Simon Keynes.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 589 words.

Æthelstan Ætheling [Athelstan the Atheling] (d. 1014), prince, was the eldest son of Æthelred II (c. 966x8–1016), king of England, and of Æthelred's first wife, Ælfgifu, daughter of Thored...

Æthelstan [Athelstan] (893/4–939), king of England

Sarah Foot.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 8361 words.

Æthelstan [Athelstan] (893/4–939), king of England, was the eldest son of King Edward the Elder (870s?–924), with his first wife, Ecgwynn.

Alcohol in the Atlantic

David Carey Jr..

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online April 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Modern History (1700 to 1945); Social and Cultural History. 17555 words.

Dating from the earliest times in Latin America, alcohol has played a crucial social, economic, political, and cultural role. Often reserved for politico-religious leaders, alcohol was a...

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Alfred Ætheling (d. 1036/7), prince

M. K. Lawson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 653 words.

Alfred Ætheling (d. 1036/7), prince, was the second son of Æthelred II (c. 966x8–1016) and his second consort, Emma of Normandy (d. 1052). He was the brother of Edward the Confessor and...

Angevin kingship: making and breaking royal law

Nicholas Vincent.

in Magna Carta

June 2012; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Political History; British History. 4948 words.

‘Angevin kingship: making and breaking royal law’ examines the context of Plantagenent rule, with particular attention given to legal matters. The Plantagenents have a reputation for...

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The Anglo-Saxon Age

John Blair.

August 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); European History. 112 pages.

The Anglo-Saxon Age: A Very Short Introduction covers the era from the emergence of the earliest English settlements around the year ad 450 to the Norman victory in 1066 providing a brief...

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Anglo-Scottish wars

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — European History.

(1296–1513)

The process of nation-building and territorial consolidation that took place in later medieval Europe provoked hostilities and often fed a growing awareness of defined...

See overview in Oxford Index

Anne [Anna, Anne of Denmark] (1574–1619), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of James VI and I

Maureen M. Meikle and Helen Payne.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Scottish History; European History; Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 8752 words.

Anne [Anna, Anne of Denmark] (1574–1619), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of James VI and I, was born on 12 December 1574 at Skanderborg Castle in Jutland, Denmark. She was...

Anne [Anne Boleyn] (c. 1500–1536), queen of England, second consort of Henry VIII

E. W. Ives.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 7589 words.

Anne [Anne Boleyn] (c. 1500–1536), queen of England, second consort of Henry VIII, was the daughter of Thomas Boleyn, earl of Ormond and of Wiltshire (1476/7–1539), and Elizabeth (d. 1538),...