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Regional and National History x History of Gender and Sexuality x clear all

Agustín Lorenzo: Beloved Bandit of History and Folklore

Liliana Toledo Guzmán.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online September 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Modern History (1700 to 1945); Social and Cultural History; History of Gender and Sexuality; Revolutions and Rebellions. 10224 words.

Agustín Lorenzo was a prototypical social bandit, according to Eric Hobsbawm’s definition in his studies of that phenomenon. As a bandit from south central Mexico believed to have lived...

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The Bracero Program, 1942–1964

Juan R. García.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online August 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Contemporary History (Post 1945); Diplomatic History; History of Gender and Sexuality; Labour History. 11409 words.

The Bracero Program began in 1942 as a temporary wartime measure but was extended repeatedly until 1964. During that time, more than 4.5 million braceros received contracts to work in the...

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Chin Chun Chan: The Zarzuela as an Ethnic and Technological Farce

Jacqueline Avila.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Modern History (1700 to 1945); Social and Cultural History; History of Gender and Sexuality. 7340 words.

Chin Chun Chan premiered at the Teatro Principal in Mexico City on April 9, 1904, to an enthusiastic audience. The first Mexican zarzuela written by José F. Elizondo and Rafael...

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Domestic Service and Labor Laws in Chile and Argentina, 1931–1956

Inés Pérez and Elizabeth Hutchison.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; History of Gender and Sexuality; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Labour History. 12555 words.

The regulation of labor relations and social rights substantially changed workers’ lives over the course of the 20th century. Domestic service, however, was only poorly and belatedly...

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eunuchs, religious

Richard Gordon.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: History of Gender and Sexuality; Religion in the Ancient World; Middle Eastern History. 361 words.

In the Classical period, religious eunuchs are a feature of several Anatolian cults of female deities, extending across to Scythia (Hdt. 4. 67: not shamans) and to the southern foothills of the...

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Everyday Life in Argentina in the 1960s

Isabella Cosse.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Contemporary History (Post 1945); Social and Cultural History; Local and Family History; History of Gender and Sexuality. 8789 words.

The 1960s in Argentina was a time convulsed by profound social, cultural, and political changes. Reflecting on the effect these processes had on the everyday, conceived as the spaces and...

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The Extraordinary Career of Juana C. Romero, Cacica of Tehuantepec

Francie Chassen-López.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Modern History (1700 to 1945); Social and Cultural History; Urban History; History of Gender and Sexuality. 8466 words.

In the 1850s, Juana Catarina Romero, known popularly as Juana Cata, peddled her cigarettes on the streets of Tehuantepec in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, an activity that enabled her to...

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Family Planning and Reproductive Rights in Chile

Jadwiga E. Pieper Mooney.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Local and Family History; Social and Cultural History; History of Gender and Sexuality. 9931 words.

The official histories of family planning and reproductive rights in Chile started in the 1960s, with initiatives by Chilean doctors to reduce maternal mortality due to self-induced...

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A Feminist History of Violence against Women and the LGBTQIA+ Community in Chile, 1964–2018

Hillary Hiner.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online October 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; History of Gender and Sexuality. 13716 words.

From a historical perspective, violence against women and the LGBTQIA+ community (lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, queer, intersex, asexual, and “+” for other possible associated identities)...

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Gender and Sexuality in Brazil since Independence

Sueann Caulfield and Cristiana Schettini.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online October 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Social and Cultural History; History of Gender and Sexuality. 19495 words.

Over the past forty years, increasing attention to gender and sexuality in Brazilian historiography has given us a nuanced understanding of diverse ways in which women and men in Brazil’s...

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Hypsicratia

Simon Hornblower.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: History of Gender and Sexuality; Middle Eastern History. 86 words.

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Laura Méndez de Cuenca: A Force for Mexican Modernity

Mílada Bazant.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Social and Cultural History; History of Gender and Sexuality. 9321 words.

One of the leading figures who pioneered and promoted changes toward modernity in Mexico City was Laura Méndez de Cuenca. Laura dared to transgress the traditional Catholic norms of her...

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Lucha Libre

Stephen Allen.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Social and Cultural History; Urban History; History of Gender and Sexuality. 7610 words.

Lucha libre, or professional wrestling, has become a staple of urban Mexican culture over the course of the 20th century. In the past twenty years, it has gained international acclaim for...

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Masculinities, Consumption, and Domesticity during the Perón Era

Natalia Milanesio.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online May 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Contemporary History (Post 1945); History of Gender and Sexuality; Labour History. 7144 words.

Supported by a multiclass alliance including the working class and some sectors of industry and the military, Juan Domingo Perón’s government (1946–1955) industrialized the country,...

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Men and Modernity in Porfirian Mexico

Robert M. Buffington.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Modern History (1700 to 1945); Social and Cultural History; History of Gender and Sexuality. 9328 words.

The Porfirian era (1876–1911) marked a watershed in social understandings of manhood. New ideas about what it meant to be a man had appeared in Mexico by the middle of the 19th century in...

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Sexuality and Black Magic in Brazil

Kelly E. Hayes.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; History of Religion; Social and Cultural History; History of Gender and Sexuality. 11730 words.

Belief in the power of feitiçaria or black magic has both endured and continually changed over time in Brazil. However, black magic is a peculiar and protean thing. Rather than defining a...

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Women and Commercial Sex in the Viceroyalty of New Spain

Nicole von Germeten.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Social and Cultural History; History of Gender and Sexuality; Legal and Constitutional History. 11081 words.

Female occupational and economic choices help clarify understandings of colonial historic agency, especially in the lives of Mexican women who made their income as alcahuetas or “bawds.”...

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Women and the Catholic Church in Colonial Brazil

Carole A. Myscofski.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); History of Religion; History of Gender and Sexuality. 8015 words.

Women in colonial Brazil (1500–1822) were affected by the presence of the Portuguese Roman Catholic Church in nearly every dimension of their lives. The Catholic Church dominated the...

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Women in Mexican Politics since 1953

Sonia Hernández.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; History of Gender and Sexuality. 10314 words.

Since the founding of the Mexican republic, women have been politically engaged in their respective communities. The creation of a modern nation-state during the last decades of the 19th...

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The Women of Guadalajara in Mexico’s History

María Teresa Fernández Aceves.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Social and Cultural History; History of Gender and Sexuality. 10597 words.

From the War of Independence until the recognition of female suffrage in Mexico in 1953, the women of Guadalajara witnessed different forms of activism that touched upon national and local...

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