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Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder

Barbara Donagan.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History; History of Agriculture; UK Politics; British History; Agriculture and Farming. 1554 words.

Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder, was the only daughter and an heir of Ralph Hawtrey (1570–1638) and his wife, Mary Altham (1578–1647). The Hawtreys...

Burbidge, Frederick William Thomas (1847–1905), horticultural writer and explorer

G. S. Boulger.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; World History; Maps and Map-making; Asian History. 624 words.

Burbidge, Frederick William Thomas (1847–1905), horticultural writer and explorer, was born at Wymeswold, Leicestershire, on 21 March 1847, the son of Thomas Burbidge, farmer and fruit...

Butler [Boteler], Nathaniel (b. 1577, d. in or after 1643), colonial governor and maritime author

Andrew Thrush.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History; Travel and Holiday; Literary Studies (Travel Literature); US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1264 words.

Butler [Boteler], Nathaniel (b. 1577, d. in or after 1643), colonial governor and maritime author, was the elder son of the second marriage of John Butler (d. 1614) of the Toft, in...

Byrd, William

Paul David Nelson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 1347 words.

Byrd, William (1652–04 December 1704), Virginia colonial officer and planter, was born in London, England, the son of John Bird, a goldsmith, and Grace Stegge. Because his father was a...

Cabell, William

Richard P. Gildrie.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 936 words.

Cabell, William (13 March 1730–23 March 1798), revolutionary political figure, antifederalist, and tobacco planter, was born in the James River valley, north of Richmond, Virginia, the son...

Carroll of Carrollton, Charles

Ronald Hoffman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming; Banking; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 2110 words.

Carroll of Carrollton, Charles (19 September 1737–14 November 1832), planter, businessman, investor, and the only Roman Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence, as well as the...

Carter, Robert

Emory G. Evans.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 1089 words.

Carter, Robert (1663–04 August 1732), merchant-planter and public official, was born in Lancaster County, Virginia, the son of John Carter, a wealthy merchant-planter and attorney, and...

Codrington, Christopher (1639/40–1698), planter and colonial official

Andrew J. O'Shaughnessy.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 751 words.

Codrington, Christopher (1639/40–1698), planter and colonial official, was born in Barbados, the son of Christopher Codrington (d. 1656), a planter and land speculator in Barbados, and...

Colden, Cadwallader, II

Steven C. Bullock.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1133 words.

Colden, Cadwallader, II (26 May 1722–18 February 1797), farmer, public official, and Loyalist, was born in New York City, the son of Cadwallader Colden, a physician, scientist, and colonial...

Douglas, Margaret, countess of Douglas, and duchess of Touraine in the French nobility (b. before 1373?, d. 1450/51), landowner

Daphne Brooke.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History; History of Agriculture; Agriculture and Farming; Scottish History. 705 words.

Douglas, Margaret, countess of Douglas, and duchess of Touraine in the French nobility (b. before 1373?, d. 1450/51), landowner, was the eldest child of Robert III (d. 1406) and his wife,...

Drake, Sir Francis (1540–1596), pirate, sea captain, and explorer

Harry Kelsey.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History; Maps and Map-making; Australasian and Pacific History; History of the Americas; Property Law; Property Crime; African History; Travel and Holiday. 12828 words.

Drake, Sir Francis (1540–1596), pirate, sea captain, and explorer, was born about February or March 1540 in Crowndale, near Tavistock, Devon, the eldest of five known children of Edmund...

Dummer, William

Jonathan M. Chu.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Agriculture and Farming; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1182 words.

Dummer, William (1677–10 October 1761), politician, lieutenant governor of Massachusetts, and farmer, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Jeremiah Dummer, a silversmith, and Anna...

Fendall, Josias

David W. Jordan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1033 words.

Fendall, Josias (1620?–14 May 1688), planter and fourth proprietary governor of Maryland, immigrated to the colony by 1655, when he was described as a gentleman and a militia officer....

Ferguson, George Ekem (1864–1897), surveyor and colonial agent

David Killingray.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; World History; Geodesy and Surveying for Maps and Charts; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1110 words.

Ferguson, George Ekem (1864–1897), surveyor and colonial agent, was born on 14 July 1864 at Anomabu, in the British west African colony of the Gold Coast, the surviving twin son of Robert...

FitzRoy [formerly Palmer], Charles, second duke of Cleveland and first duke of Southampton (1662–1730), landowner

J. M. Rigg.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); History; History of Agriculture; Agriculture and Farming. 830 words.

FitzRoy [formerly Palmer], Charles, second duke of Cleveland and first duke of Southampton (1662–1730), landowner, the first son of Charles II and Barbara Palmer, countess of Castlemaine...

Frobisher, Sir Martin (1535?–1594), privateer, explorer, and naval commander

James McDermott.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History; Maps and Map-making; History of the Americas; African History; Travel and Holiday. 4111 words.

Frobisher, Sir Martin (1535?–1594), privateer, explorer, and naval commander, was descended from John Frobisher (b. c.1260), a Scot settled in lands near Chirk in Denbighshire granted in...

Gerard, Alexander (1792–1839), surveyor and explorer

Katherine Prior.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Geodesy and Surveying for Maps and Charts; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building; Maps and Map-making; Asian History; Indian History. 1055 words.

Gerard, Alexander (1792–1839), surveyor and explorer, was born in Old Machar parish, Old Aberdeen, on 19 February 1792, the second of the five sons of Gilbert Gerard DD (1760–1815), of...

Gibbs, Sir Humphrey Vicary (1902–1990), farmer and colonial administrator

Donal Lowry.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1509 words.

Gibbs, Sir Humphrey Vicary (1902–1990), farmer and colonial administrator, was born on 22 November 1902 at 9 Portman Square, London, the third son and sixth and youngest child of Herbert...

Girouard, Sir (Édouard) Percy Cranwill (1867–1932), railway engineer and colonial governor

John Flint.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mechanical Engineering and Materials; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1366 words.

Girouard, Sir (Édouard) Percy Cranwill (1867–1932), railway engineer and colonial governor, was born on 26 January 1867 in Montreal, the son of Désiré Girouard (1836–1911) and his second...

Goldsborough, Sir John (d. 1693), mariner and East India Company servant

Gordon Goodwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; World History; Travel and Holiday. 1011 words.

Goldsborough, Sir John (d. 1693), mariner and East India Company servant, is of obscure antecedents. A branch of the Goldsborough family was domiciled at Hadleigh near Ipswich in the...