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Brass x Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques x clear all

Allen, Henry “Red”

Eddie S. Meadows.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1039 words.

Allen, Henry “Red” (07 January 1908–17 April 1967), trumpeter, was born Henry James Allen, Jr., in Algiers, Louisiana, the son of Henry James Allen, Sr., a trumpeter and leader of a brass...

Anderson, Cat

Barry Kernfeld.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 808 words.

Anderson, Cat (12 September 1916–29 April 1981), jazz trumpeter, was born William Alonzo Anderson, Jr., in Greenville, South Carolina. Nothing is known of his parents, who died when he was...

Archey, Jimmy

Jack Sohmer.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1382 words.

Archey, Jimmy (12 October 1902–16 November 1967), jazz trombonist, was born James H. Archey in Norfolk, Virginia. Nothing is known of his parents. He started playing the trombone in 1912...

Armstrong, Louis

Frank Tirro.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz; Voice. 2661 words.

Armstrong, Louis (04 August 1901–06 July 1971), jazz trumpeter and singer, , known universally as “Satchmo” and later as “Pops,” was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, the illegitimate son of...

Austin, Johnny

Steven M. Kane.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1133 words.

Austin, Johnny (23 December 1910–14 February 1983), musician, was born John A. Augustine in Vineland, New Jersey, the son of Samuel Augustine and Henrietta Labriola, occupations unknown....

Baker, Chet

Don Stewart.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1363 words.

Baker, Chet (23 December 1929–13 May 1988), jazz trumpet player and singer, was born Chesney Henry Baker in Yale, Oklahoma, the son of Vera Moser and Chestney Baker, a laborer and...

Beiderbecke, Bix

Steven M. Kane.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1164 words.

Beiderbecke, Bix (10 March 1903–06 August 1931), musician, was born Leon Bix Beiderbecke in Davenport, Iowa, the son of Bismarck Herman Beiderbecke, a coal and lumber dealer, and Agatha...

Berigan, Bunny

Eddie S. Meadows.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 859 words.

Berigan, Bunny (02 November 1908–02 June 1942), jazz trumpeter, was born Roland Bernard Berigan in Hilbert, Wisconsin, the son of William P. “Cap” Berigan, a railroad agent and then a candy...

Bernhardt, Clyde Edric Barron

Barry Kernfeld.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1041 words.

Bernhardt, Clyde Edric Barron (11 July 1905–20 May 1986), jazz trombonist and singer, was born Clyde Edric Barnhardt in Gold Hill, North Carolina, the son of Washington Michael Barnhardt, a...

Blake, Cyril McDonald [called Midnight Blake] (1897–1951), jazz musician

Howard Rye.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz; Strings. 974 words.

Blake, Cyril McDonald [called Midnight Blake] (1897–1951), jazz musician, was born on 22 October 1897 in Trinidad, the son of Samuel Blake, cabinet-maker. He served in the merchant navy in...

Bolden, Buddy

Charles Blancq.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz; Conducting. 1001 words.

Bolden, Buddy (06 September 1877–04 November 1931), jazz musician, was born Charles Joseph Bolden in New Orleans, Louisiana, the son of Westmore Bolden, a drayman, and Alice Harrison. A...

Bonano, Sharkey

Jack Sohmer.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1092 words.

Bonano, Sharkey (09 April 1902–27 March 1972), jazz trumpeter and singer, was born Joseph Gustaf Bonano in the Milneburg section of New Orleans, Louisiana. His father was a classical...

Brown, Clifford

Milton Stewart.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1045 words.

Brown, Clifford (30 October 1930–26 June 1956), trumpeter, was born in Wilmington, Delaware. Brown’s parents’ names are not known. Brown’s father was a self-taught musician who played the...

Brown, Lawrence

Barry Kernfeld.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 969 words.

Brown, Lawrence (03 August 1907–05 September 1988), jazz trombonist, was born in Lawrence, Kansas, the son of John M. Brown, a minister in the African Methodist Episcopal church, and Maggie...

Butterfield, Billy

Barry Kernfeld.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 897 words.

Butterfield, Billy (14 January 1917–18 March 1988), jazz trumpeter, was born Charles William Butterfield in Middleton, Ohio. His parents’ names are unknown. He studied privately with...

Carey, Mutt

Jack Sohmer.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1299 words.

Carey, Mutt (1891–03 September 1948), jazz trumpeter, was born Thomas Carey in Hahnville, Louisiana, a small town west of New Orleans. Nothing is known of Carey’s parents, but, of seventeen...

Celestin, Papa

Richard B. Allen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz; Conducting. 1072 words.

Celestin, Papa (01 January 1884–15 December 1954), bandleader and trumpeter, was born Oscar Philip Celestin in Lafourche Parish, Louisiana, the son of Joseph Celestin, a sugar-cane cutter,...

Cherry, Don

Barry Kernfeld.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online February 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz; Conducting. 2382 words.

Cherry, Don (18 November 1936–19 October 1995), jazz cornetist, multi-instrumentalist, and bandleader, was born Donald Eugene Cherry in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, of mixed African-American...

Clayton, Buck

Barry Kernfeld.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz; Composition. 1750 words.

Clayton, Buck (12 November 1911–08 December 1991), jazz trumpeter and arranger, was born Wilbur Dorsey Clayton in Parsons, Kansas, the son of Simeon Oliver Clayton, a musician, and Aritha...

Coleman, Bill

Ronald P. Dufour.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1227 words.

Coleman, Bill (04 August 1904–24 August 1981), jazz musician, was born William Johnson Coleman in Centerville, Kentucky, the son of Robert Henry Coleman, a cook, and Roberta Johnson, a...