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291

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

See Gallery 291.

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391

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

A Dada periodical founded by Picabia in Barcelona in 1917; subsequent issues were published in New York, Lausanne, Zurich, and Paris until 1924. The name was meant to recall Stieglitz's...

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A. A. Bonnafé

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(fl. mid-19th century),

French draftsman and lithographer active in the USA and Peru. He lived briefly in the USA, where in 1852 he published a book containing 32 woodcuts...

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A. C. Gilbert

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1884–1962)

An American inventor of note and originator of the Erector constructional toy in 1913, Gilbert originally trained at Yale Medical School before going on to found the...

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A. C. Lens

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(b Antwerp, 31 Mar. 1739; d Brussels, 30 Mar. 1822).

Flemish painter and writer on art, active mainly in Antwerp (until 1781) and then Brussels. In 1764–8 he lived in Rome, where...

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A. D. Copier

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

(b Leerdam, 11 Jan 1901; d Wassenaar, 19 Dec 1991).

Dutch glass designer. He worked at the royal glass factory in Leerdam (see Leerdam glass), where his father was head ...

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A. D. F. Hamlin

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(b Bebek, Turkey, 5 Sept 1855; d New York, 21 March 1926),

architect and architectural historian. Hamlin was the author of the first American textbook survey of Western...

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A. E. Gallatin

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(1881–1952)

American collector, writer on art, and painter, born into a wealthy family. His earliest collecting interests were in Aubrey Beardsley and Whistler, but in the 1920s he...

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à la Façon de Venise

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

Glass is said to be à la façon de Venise when it imitates the style of Venetian glass. Such glass was made from the late 16th century in the Netherlands, the Rhineland and by Giacomo...

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à la polonaise

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

A term used to describe an elaborate canopy over a bed, heavily draped and culminating in a peaked, tent-like structure.

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à la poupée

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

Colour printing in which the various colours are all applied to the printing surface before printing takes place. Only a limited number of impressions can be pulled before re-inking is...

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à la reine

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

A term used to describe chairs without arms and with slightly inclined flat backs.

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A. Page Brown

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(b Ellisburg, NY, 1859; d Burlingame, CA, 21 Jan 1896),

architect. Despite his tragically brief career and six Neo-classical buildings, Arthur Page Brown will be remembered for his...

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A. R. Penck

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(1939– )

German painter, born in Dresden. He was born Ralf Winckler and took on his pseudonym in 1968, deriving the name from the geographer and Ice Age researcher Albrecht Penck...

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A. Y. Jackson

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(b Montreal, 3 Oct. 1882; d Kleinburg, Ontario, 5 Apr. 1974).

Canadian landscape painter, active mainly in Toronto, where he settled in 1913 after extensive travels in Europe. He...

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Aaron Bohrod

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(1907–92).

Painter and ceramist. Among regionalists in the American Scene movement, he generally conveyed an unusually dreary view of small-town and rural life. Later he turned...

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Aaron Douglas

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(1899–1979).

Painter. A leader of the Harlem Renaissance, he led the way for African-American artists to employ explicitly black themes, fostering a resurgence of racial pride in...

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Aaron Draper Shattuck

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(1832–1928).

Painter. Primarily a landscapist, he is known particularly for views of New Hampshire's White Mountains, but he also painted the Atlantic coast and other locales. In...

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Aaron Siskind

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(1903–91).

Photographer. His bold, graphic, nearly abstract images from the 1940s and 1950s rank as the most important photographic equivalents of abstract expressionism. Although...

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abacus

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Art.

[Ar]

The uppermost member of a capital, set atop a pillar, and, on classical buildings, in contact with the bottom of the entablature. The abacus resembles in form the flat slab on...

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