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Allen, Henry “Red”

Eddie S. Meadows.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1039 words.

Allen, Henry “Red” (07 January 1908–17 April 1967), trumpeter, was born Henry James Allen, Jr., in Algiers, Louisiana, the son of Henry James Allen, Sr., a trumpeter and leader of a brass...

Anderson, Cat

Barry Kernfeld.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 808 words.

Anderson, Cat (12 September 1916–29 April 1981), jazz trumpeter, was born William Alonzo Anderson, Jr., in Greenville, South Carolina. Nothing is known of his parents, who died when he was...

Archey, Jimmy

Jack Sohmer.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1382 words.

Archey, Jimmy (12 October 1902–16 November 1967), jazz trombonist, was born James H. Archey in Norfolk, Virginia. Nothing is known of his parents. He started playing the trombone in 1912...

Armstrong, Louis

Frank Tirro.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz; Voice. 2661 words.

Armstrong, Louis (04 August 1901–06 July 1971), jazz trumpeter and singer, , known universally as “Satchmo” and later as “Pops,” was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, the illegitimate son of...

Arnold, Sir Malcolm Henry (1921–2006), trumpeter and composer

Piers Burton-Page.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Composition. 3009 words.

Arnold, Sir Malcolm Henry (1921–2006), trumpeter and composer, was born at Fairview, Cliftonville, Northampton, on 21 October 1921, the fourth son and fifth and youngest child of William...

Austin, Johnny

Steven M. Kane.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1133 words.

Austin, Johnny (23 December 1910–14 February 1983), musician, was born John A. Augustine in Vineland, New Jersey, the son of Samuel Augustine and Henrietta Labriola, occupations unknown....

Baker, Chet

Don Stewart.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1363 words.

Baker, Chet (23 December 1929–13 May 1988), jazz trumpet player and singer, was born Chesney Henry Baker in Yale, Oklahoma, the son of Vera Moser and Chestney Baker, a laborer and...

Baker, Kenneth [Kenny] (1921–1999), jazz trumpeter

Alun Morgan.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass. 1030 words.

Baker, Kenneth [Kenny] (1921–1999), jazz trumpeter, was born at 73 Queen Street in the east Yorkshire town of Withernsea on 1 March 1921. Both parents were musical: Kenny's father, Herman...

Barclay, Victor Robert [Bob] (1911–1987), musician and bandleader

Val Wilmer.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Conducting. 1004 words.

Barclay, Victor Robert [Bob] (1911–1987), musician and bandleader, was born at 45 Wellington Street, Greenock, Renfrewshire, on 10 July 1911, the elder son and eldest of three children of...

Beckett, Harold Winston [Harry] (1923–2010), jazz trumpeter

Digby Fairweather.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass. 1036 words.

Beckett, Harold Winston [Harry] (1923–2010), jazz trumpeter, was born on 30 May 1923 in St Michael Parish, Barbados, the son of Vivian Cox Beckett, plumber. It was in this British colony...

Beiderbecke, Bix

Steven M. Kane.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1164 words.

Beiderbecke, Bix (10 March 1903–06 August 1931), musician, was born Leon Bix Beiderbecke in Davenport, Iowa, the son of Bismarck Herman Beiderbecke, a coal and lumber dealer, and Agatha...

Berigan, Bunny

Eddie S. Meadows.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 859 words.

Berigan, Bunny (02 November 1908–02 June 1942), jazz trumpeter, was born Roland Bernard Berigan in Hilbert, Wisconsin, the son of William P. “Cap” Berigan, a railroad agent and then a candy...

Bernhardt, Clyde Edric Barron

Barry Kernfeld.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1041 words.

Bernhardt, Clyde Edric Barron (11 July 1905–20 May 1986), jazz trombonist and singer, was born Clyde Edric Barnhardt in Gold Hill, North Carolina, the son of Washington Michael Barnhardt, a...

Blake, Cyril McDonald [called Midnight Blake] (1897–1951), jazz musician

Howard Rye.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz; Strings. 974 words.

Blake, Cyril McDonald [called Midnight Blake] (1897–1951), jazz musician, was born on 22 October 1897 in Trinidad, the son of Samuel Blake, cabinet-maker. He served in the merchant navy in...

Blanke, John (fl. 1507–1512), royal trumpeter

Miranda Kaufmann.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online September 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Brass. 1133 words.

Blanke, John (fl. 1507–1512), royal trumpeter, was employed as a musician at the courts of Henry VII and Henry VIII, making his first recorded appearance there in 1507. He is thought to...

Bolden, Buddy

Charles Blancq.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz; Conducting. 1001 words.

Bolden, Buddy (06 September 1877–04 November 1931), jazz musician, was born Charles Joseph Bolden in New Orleans, Louisiana, the son of Westmore Bolden, a drayman, and Alice Harrison. A...

Bonano, Sharkey

Jack Sohmer.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1092 words.

Bonano, Sharkey (09 April 1902–27 March 1972), jazz trumpeter and singer, was born Joseph Gustaf Bonano in the Milneburg section of New Orleans, Louisiana. His father was a classical...

Brain, Dennis (1921–1957), horn player

Tim Barringer.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass. 1176 words.

Brain, Dennis (1921–1957), horn player, was born on 17 May 1921 in London, the son of Aubrey Brain (1893–1955) and his wife, Marion Beeley. He was born into a horn-playing dynasty of which,...

Brown, Clifford

Milton Stewart.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1045 words.

Brown, Clifford (30 October 1930–26 June 1956), trumpeter, was born in Wilmington, Delaware. Brown’s parents’ names are not known. Brown’s father was a self-taught musician who played the...

Brown, Lawrence

Barry Kernfeld.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 969 words.

Brown, Lawrence (03 August 1907–05 September 1988), jazz trombonist, was born in Lawrence, Kansas, the son of John M. Brown, a minister in the African Methodist Episcopal church, and Maggie...