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Overview x Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery x clear all

Abbé flap

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

[R. Abbé (1851–1928), American surgeon; J. A. Estlander (1831–81), Finnish surgeon] A full thickness flap of tissue taken from the middle portion of usually the lower lip and transferred to...

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abdominal muscles

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

Four pairs of muscles (the rectus abdominis, external oblique, internal oblique, and the transversus abdominis), often referred to as the stomach muscles, which support and protect the...

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Abdominal wall reconstruction

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Indications:

Trauma. Tumour: Desmoid, Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans. Radiation. Infection: Gas gangrene,...

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Abdominoplasty

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

An aesthetic procedure which aims to provide a flatter, narrower abdomen by excising skin and fat excess and addressing rectus divarication, generally by using a lower transverse abdominal...

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abductor pollicis brevis

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A small muscle crossing the wrist. It helps to straighten the thumb and move the thumb away from the fingers. It is attached proximally to the trapezium and scaphoid bones (origin), and...

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abductor pollicis longus

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A muscle deep in the forearm. It helps to move the forearm sideways from the trunk. Its other actions include abduction and extension of the thumb. It is attached proximally to the...

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Absorbable polymers

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Synthetic:

Used for sutures and investigated for other devices such as plates and screws (LactoSorb). One class of polymers used is the alphahydroxy acids including...

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Accutane

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Isotretinoin. The synthetic retinoid derivative 13-cis-retinoic acid (Accutane) used for severe Acne vulgaris. The dose is 1 mg/kg body weight for an initial 4–5-month course of therapy. It...

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Acrochordon

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Common papillomatous lesion occurring in middle adult life. Multiple, fleshy, skin-coloured tags. Occur mainly on neck, upper chest and axilla. The only symptoms relate to...

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Acrosyndactyly

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

One of the Congenital hand anomalies. Fusion of digits distally. Mainly sporadic, non-hereditary occurrence. Associated with Constriction ring syndrome. Bilateral in 50%,...

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actinic keratosis

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery — Public Health and Epidemiology.

Precancerous epidermal thickening and scaly lesions caused by exposure to solar radiation, occurring especially in fair-skinned people. The occurrence of these lesions is an indication for...

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adductor pollicis

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A muscle with its origin on the capitate (the largest bone of the wrist), and the second and third metacarapals. Its insertion is on the ulnar proximal phalanx of the thumb. Its primary...

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Adipofascial flaps

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A flap comprised of fascia and overlying fat. Essentially, the same as a fasciocutaneous flap with the skin dissected away from the flap.

Anatomy:

Dermal...

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Adnexal tumours

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

In adnexal tumours, the relationship between stromal and epithelial components is maintained though distorted to varying degrees. They are classified by the degree and the...

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Adson's test

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Adson’s test arm adducted. A test used in the assessment of Thoracic outlet syndrome. Patient stands with arm adducted against front of trunk. Feel radial pulse. Extend neck and turn ...

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Advancement flaps

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A local random pattern flap where tissue is advanced to fill an adjacent defect. Examples include Single pedicle: raised as a square or rectangle with two...

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Aesthetic unit

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Gonzalez-Ulloa in 1956 divided the face into regions or units to aid in the planning of reconstruction. Some principles of reconstruction by units are: Patients wish to look normal. The...

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Ageing face

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Chronology:

30s: redundant eyelid skin, crows feet. 40s: prominent nasolabial folds, forehead furrows. 50s: neck rhytids, jowls.null...

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Allen's test

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

To test the integrity of arterial anastomotis between the radial and ulnar side of the hand. Occlude radial and ulnar artery and empty hand by making a fist. Release ...

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Alloderm

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

An immunologically inert dermis derived from human cadaver.

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