Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-20 of 663 items for:

Natural History x clear all

Refine by subject

 

Refine by type

Refine by product

 

Abbot, John

Vivian Rogers-Price.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; Science and Mathematics. 1562 words.

Abbot, John (31 May 1751–1840), artist-naturalist, was born in London, England, the son of John Abbot, an attorney in the court of King’s Bench, Plea side, and Ann Clousinger. (Although...

Go to American National Biography Online »  home page

Abbot, John (1751–1840?), naturalist and artist

Marcus B. Simpson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Art; Natural History. 1172 words.

Abbot, John (1751–1840?), naturalist and artist, born at Bennet Street, St James, London, on 1 June 1751, was the second of the five children of John Abbot (d. 1787), a prosperous attorney,...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page

Abbott, Charles Conrad

Michael J. Brodhead.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Archaeology; Natural History. 917 words.

Abbott, Charles Conrad (04 June 1843–27 July 1919), naturalist and archaeologist, was born in Trenton, New Jersey, the son of Timothy Abbott, a banker, and Susan Conrad. As a child he loved...

Go to American National Biography Online »  home page

Abel, Clarke (1789–1826), naturalist and surgeon

B. D. Jackson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; Surgery. 547 words.

Abel, Clarke (1789–1826), naturalist and surgeon, was born on 5 September 1789, the son of Matthias Abel. After schooling at Merchant Taylors', he was educated for the medical profession...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page

Adams, Andrew Leith (1827–1882), army surgeon and naturalist

Anthony J. Gaston.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; Military History; Warfare and Defence; Surgery. 644 words.

Adams, Andrew Leith (1827–1882), army surgeon and naturalist, born on 21 March 1827, was the son of Francis Adams (1796–1861), surgeon, and his wife, Elspeth Shaw (d. 1845). Appointed army...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page

Adams, Charles Baker

Joel S. Schwartz.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Natural History. 1326 words.

Adams, Charles Baker (11 January 1814–18 January 1853), naturalist and educator, was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts, the son of Charles J. Adams, a Boston merchant, and Hannah Baker. At...

Go to American National Biography Online »  home page

Adaptation of a tropical butterfly to a temperate climate

Ossi Nokelainen, Erik van Bergen, Brad S Ripley and Paul M Brakefield.

in Biological Journal of the Linnean Society

January 2018; p ublished online December 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Natural History; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 6637 words.

Abstract

Developmental plasticity enables organisms to cope with environmental heterogeneity, such as seasonal variation in climatic conditions, and is thought...

Go to Oxford Journals »  home page

Akeley, Carl Ethan

Eleanor F. Wedge.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Installation Art, Mixed-Media, Assemblage, and Collage; Natural History; Engineering and Technology. 1175 words.

Akeley, Carl Ethan (19 May 1864–17 November 1926), taxidermist, naturalist, and inventor, was born near Clarendon, New York, the son of Daniel Webster Akeley and Julia Glidden, farmers. In...

Go to American National Biography Online »  home page

Albin, Eleazar (d. 1742?), naturalist and watercolour painter

Peter Osborne.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; Drawing and Pastels; Painting. 1066 words.

Albin, Eleazar (d. 1742?), naturalist and watercolour painter, may have been born somewhere in the German states to a family named Weiss. Nothing is known of his early life, although he...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page

All the better to bite you with! Striking intrasexual differences in cheliceral size define two male morphs in an Amazonian arachnid

Diego Solano-Brenes, Solimary García-Hernández and Glauco Machado.

in Biological Journal of the Linnean Society

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Natural History; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 9896 words.

Abstract

When two mating tactics can be successfully used by different-sized males, disruptive selection may favour morphological divergence between males,...

Go to Oxford Journals »  home page

Allman, George James (1812–1898), naturalist

A. F. Pollard.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History. 755 words.

Allman, George James (1812–1898), naturalist, was born in February 1812 in Cork, the eldest son of James Allman of Bandon, co. Cork. He was educated at the Belfast Academical Institution...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page

Anatomical and genetic data reveal that Rivularia Heude, 1890 belongs to Viviparinae (Gastropoda: Viviparidae)

Bert Van Bocxlaer, Ellen E Strong, Romy Richter, Björn Stelbrink and Thomas Von Rintelen.

in Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society

December 2017; p ublished online May 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Natural History; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 13006 words.

Abstract

Within Viviparidae, the systematic affinities of several genera are uncertain, with respect to one another, but also as to their subfamily...

Go to Oxford Journals »  home page

Anatomical study of two previously undescribed specimens of Clevosaurus hudsoni (Lepidosauria: Rhynchocephalia) from Cromhall Quarry, UK, aided by computed tomography, yields additional information on the skeleton and hitherto undescribed bones

Aileen O’Brien, David I Whiteside and John E A Marshall.

in Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society

May 2018; p ublished online December 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Natural History; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 15026 words.

Abstract

We investigate two well-preserved and previously undescribed specimens of Clevosaurus hudsoni from a Late Triassic fissure deposit at Cromhall Quarry,...

Go to Oxford Journals »  home page

Anatomically preserved Silurian ‘nematophytes’ from the Welsh Borderland (UK)

Dianne Edwards, Rosmarie Honegger, Lindsey Axe and Jennifer L Morris.

in Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society

May 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Natural History; Plant Sciences and Forestry; Plant Evolution. 7073 words.

Abstract

Stratified charcoalified fragments of thalloid organisms with tripartite tissue construction have been isolated from the basal member of the Upper...

Go to Oxford Journals »  home page

Ancient DNA reveals that the ‘extinct’ Hunter Island penguin (Tasidyptes hunteri) is not a distinct taxon

Theresa L Cole, Jonathan M Waters, Lara D Shepherd, Nicolas J Rawlence, Leo Joseph and Jamie R Wood.

in Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society

December 2018; p ublished online August 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Natural History; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 3020 words.

Abstract

The penguin species Tasidyptes hunterivan Tets & O’Connor, 1983, the sole representative of an extinct penguin genus, was described on the basis of...

Go to Oxford Journals »  home page

Anderson, William (c. 1748–1778), surgeon and naturalist

J. Watt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; Surgery. 671 words.

Anderson, William (c. 1748–1778), surgeon and naturalist, was born in Scotland, probably in the area of North Berwick, Haddingtonshire. Nothing is known of his immediate family other than...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page

Andrews, William (bap. 1802, d. 1880), naturalist

James Britten.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History. 582 words.

Andrews, William (bap. 1802, d. 1880), naturalist, was baptized at St Pancras, Chichester, on 8 January 1802, the second child of William Andrews, a printer in that city, and his wife,...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page

Angular cartilage structure and variation in Neotropical freshwater stingrays (Chondrichthyes: Myliobatiformes: Potamotrygonidae), with comments on their function and evolution

João Pedro Fontenelle, Thiago S Loboda, Matthew Kolmann and Marcelo R de Carvalho.

in Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society

May 2018; p ublished online October 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Natural History; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 14035 words.

Abstract

The various configurations of the jaws, anterior branchial arches and neurocranium provide some of the fundamental synapomorphies, distinguishing the...

Go to Oxford Journals »  home page

Archer, William (1830–1897), naturalist and librarian

C. L. Falkiner.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; Education; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences. 655 words.

Archer, William (1830–1897), naturalist and librarian, was born on 6 May 1830 at Maghera, co. Down, the eldest son of the Revd Richard Archer, perpetual curate at Maghera and a member of a...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page

Arderon, William (1702/3–1767), naturalist

Giles Hudson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History. 596 words.

Arderon, William (1702/3–1767), naturalist, whose origins are otherwise obscure, was the only son of an 'indulgent father' (Forster MS 47c. 12, fol. 6r). He was born and brought up in the...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page