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A. J. Muste

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution — Military History.

(1885–1967), minister, labor organizer, antiwar activist.

Born in the Netherlands, Muste studied at theological seminaries in the United States and became a minister in the Dutch...

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Abbé de Saint-Pierre

Overview page. Subjects: Literature — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Charles François Irénée Castel Abbé de Saint-Pierre (1658–1743) was born on 13 February 1658 at château Saint-Pierre-Eglise situated between Cherbourg and Barfleur in Normandy, France....

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Abraham Path Initiative

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The Abraham Path is a route of cultural tourism that retraces the journey made by Abraham (Arabic, Ibrahim) through the heart of the Middle East some four thousand years ago. ...

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Accidental Nuclear War

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

As the number of nuclear weapons stockpiled by the United States and the Soviet Union grew during the nuclear arms race of the Cold War, major concerns arose over the ...

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Action Reconciliation Service for Peace

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The Action Reconciliation Service for Peace (ARSP or ASF, Aktion Sühnezeichen Friedensdienste) is an internationally active German volunteer organization founded in 1958 by Lothar Kreyssig...

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Adam Curle

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Adam Curle (1916–2006), described by Elise Boulding as “one of the great Quaker peacemakers of our time” (Boulding and Forsberg 1998, 34), was also an innovative academic, breaking through...

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African Peace Traditions

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

There are a great many distinct ethnic communities in Africa and while there are variations in their peace heritages, there are also common threads that have made negotiations and...

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Albert Lutuli

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Albert John Lutuli (1898–1967) became the first Nobel Peace Prize Laureate of nonwhite descent when he received the 1960 peace prize in Oslo in December 1961. In his acceptance address ...

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Alliance Systems

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

States dissatisfied with the international status quo seek to use force or the threat of force to change it. States opposed to this aggression must decide how to respond. Faced ...

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Alternative Forms of Dispute Resolution

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

This article examines a wide range of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) approaches involving numerous forums and decision-making processes. The primary focus is on approaches that are...

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Altruistic Approaches to Peace

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Two of the main problems in understanding altruistic approaches to peace may be knowing how to define it and how to evaluate and encourage worthwhile contributions from relevant parties.

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Anthropological Perspectives of Early or “Tribal” War

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Anthropologists have tended to take one of two polarized positions on early, so-called tribal (i.e., pre-state) warfare: (1) it did not exist or occurred very rarely, on a limited scale ...

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Anti-Communism and Peace Movements

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The persecution of peace activists as subversives goes back centuries, but the specific use of anti-communism to divide social movements began after the Bolshevik revolution in 1917....

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Anti-Coup

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

A coup d’état—commonly called a coup or putsch—is a sudden, illegitimate takeover of a government. The term “anti-coup” refers to resistance against a coup.

The most common sort of...

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Anti-Imperialist Ideas and Peace

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Impe-rialism has alternately been praised for establishing peace and denounced as the inspiration of war, at least since the British military leader Celiacus exhorted an army preparing to...

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antimilitarism

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

N. the belief that war is unjustifiable, that the role played by the military in fostering injustice should be opposed, and that the causes of war should be eliminated by nonviolent action.

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Antinuclear Power Protests in the United States

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The history of nuclear power in the United States began with the top-secret Manhattan Project (1942–1946), in which the first atomic bomb was produced and used in 1945 against Japan ...

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Appeal of Nobel Peace Prize Laureates

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

As the number of Nobel Peace Prize winners and Nobel laureates increased in the twentieth century, individual and groups of laureates began the practice of issuing statements or appeals...

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Archaeological Evidence of War in Prehistory

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Prehistoric archaeological sequences from around the world show that war and the development of social complexity go hand in hand. Although cases of murder and violence extend far back into...

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Architects for Peace

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

During the 1980s a considerable number of professions, mostly in the Western world, developed their own peace groups and associations often lobbying on behalf of a majority of their...

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