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Association Between Advance Directives and Quality of End-of-Life Care

Donna S. Zhukovsky.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1927 words.

Advance care planning is a complex process whereby an individual reflects on future care options at the end of life after reflecting on his or her values and goals for care. These values,...

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Association between Spirituality/Religiosity and Quality of End-of-Life Care

Marvin Omar Delgado-Guay.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1475 words.

The Coping with Cancer Study is a multicenter, prospective, longitudinal observational study that examines the association between religious coping strategies and end-of-life care outcomes...

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Attitudes and Desires of Terminally Ill Patients Regarding Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide

Yu Jung Kim.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1436 words.

No studies have explicitly addressed the attitudes and desires of terminally ill patients on euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (PAS). In this prospective cohort study, 988...

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Availability and Integration of Palliative Care at US Cancer Centers

Pedro Pérez-Cruz and Alfredo Rodríguez-Núñez.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1495 words.

The aim of this survey study was to characterize the availability and degree of integration of palliative care (PC) services in US cancer centers in 2010. Executives and PC program leaders...

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Benefits of Early Palliative Care to Informal Family Caregivers

Emily J. Martin and Eric J. Roeland.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1714 words.

This chapter summarizes the Dionne-Odom et al. randomized controlled trial evaluating the benefits of an early, nurse-led palliative care intervention to caregivers of patients with...

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Changes in the Last Months of Life

Jaclyn Yoong and Fiona Runacres.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1716 words.

This study aimed to assess symptoms and performance status of cancer patients during the last six months of life. In Ontario, Canada, Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS) scores and...

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Clinical Signs of Impending Death in Cancer Patients

Masanori Mori.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1859 words.

In this prospective, longitudinal, cohort study, the authors systematically characterized the frequency, onset, and diagnostic performance of 62 clinical signs for impending death in 357...

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A Communication Intervention in the Intensive Care Unit

Lori Olson and Christian T. Sinclair.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1478 words.

Caregiver outcomes of anxiety, depression, and posttaumatic stress disorder are modifiable based on care received while a patient is in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. When compared...

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Cost Savings Associated with Palliative Care

Breffni Hannon.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1481 words.

Although the clinical benefits associated with hospital-based palliative care (PC) consultation teams are well established, few studies address the potential economic impact of these...

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Decompressive Surgery for Malignant Spinal Cord Compression

Esmé Finlay and Diaa Osman.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1308 words.

Metastatic epidural spinal cord compression (MESCC) is a potentially disabling complication associated with advanced cancer. To address whether decompressive surgery followed by radiation...

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Dignity Therapy for Patients Near the End of Life

Marvin Omar Delgado-Guay.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1740 words.

The objective of this study was to establish the feasibility of dignity therapy and determine its impact on psychosocial and existential distress in 100 patients near the end of life....

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Doctors’ Prognostic Accuracy in Terminally Ill Patients

Anjali Desai and Andrew S. Epstein.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1349 words.

“Doctors’ Prognostic Accuracy in Terminally Ill Patients” reviews one of Christakis and Lamont’s landmark articles, which investigated the factors associated with prognostic accuracy (and...

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Docusate and Sennosides for Constipation

Shalini Dalal.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1472 words.

This chapter describes a prospective study that ran from December 2005 to November 2010 using three hospital inpatient units of adding a stool softener, docusate versus placebo, to...

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Duloxetine for Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy

Rebecca Burke and Akhila Reddy.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1116 words.

This chapter discusses the Smith et al. randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial determining the effectiveness of duloxetine compared to placebo in reducing painful...

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Early Palliative Care for Patients with Advanced Cancer

David Hui.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1366 words.

This chapter discusses the Zimmermann trial, a large partially blinded, cluster randomized controlled trial of routine oncology care with or without early routine referral to palliative...

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Early Palliative Care for Patients with Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Nathan A. Gray and Thomas W. LeBlanc.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1727 words.

This chapter provides an overview and commentary on the 2010 study by Temel and colleagues regarding early palliative care for patients with non-small cell lung cancer. It describes the...

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The Edmonton Symptom Assessment System

Breffni Hannon.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1336 words.

The Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS) consists of eight common symptoms presented as visual analog scales ranging from 0 to 100mm. Patients score the ESAS independently where...

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Effects of Morphine on Dyspnea

Arif H. Kamal and Jason A. Webb.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 822 words.

This chapter reports on an open, uncontrolled study to assess the effects of subcutaneous morphine on dyspnea in patients with terminal cancer. Twenty patients with dyspnea from restrictive...

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End-of-Life Discussions and Aggressiveness of Care Received Near Death

Yael Schenker and Justin Yu.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1626 words.

This chapter summarizes Mack and colleagues’ 2012 Associations Between End-of-Life (EOL) Discussion Characteristics and Care Received Near Death, which investigates the relationship between...

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Enteral Tube Feeding Dysphagic Stroke Patients

Francisco Loaiciga and Rony Dev.

in 50 Studies Every Palliative Care Doctor Should Know

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Primary Care. 1231 words.

This chapter discusses the results of randomized controlled trials evaluating the benefits of early feeding for patients who suffered an acute stroke. The study was divided in two different...

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