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Acute Fluid Resuscitation for Intussusception

Britt Fraser.

in Clinical Pediatric Anesthesia

April 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics. 2204 words.

Intussusception occurs when a proximal section of bowel invaginates into more distal bowel and is then advanced by peristalsis. It is the most common cause of intestinal obstruction in...

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Acute pain and postoperative analgesia

Mandy Sim.

in Paediatric Anaesthesia

September 2007; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Paediatrics; Anaesthetics. 4545 words.

Principles of analgesia in children 146

Pain assessment 147

Neonates 148

Infants 149

null...

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Acute Pain Management

Jason Chou and George Chalkiadis.

in Clinical Pediatric Anesthesia

April 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics; Pain Medicine. 2018 words.

Age-appropriate pain assessment and management is vital in the care of children with acute pain. Assessment should happen regularly and should be documented clearly; pain should be treated...

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Advanced airway management

Richard Craig.

in Paediatric Anaesthesia

October 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Paediatrics; Anaesthetics. 5458 words.

Management of the difficult paediatric airway is described in this chapter. Airway assessment and a structured approach to planning for the anticipated difficult airway are the essence of...

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Advanced vascular access

Richard Craig.

in Paediatric Anaesthesia

October 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Paediatrics; Anaesthetics. 3585 words.

In this chapter, the use of ultrasound to facilitate cannulation of a vessel is described in detail, including commentaries on equipment, preparation, scanning, and needling technique....

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Airway Reconstruction

Elizabeth A Hein and Gresham T Richter.

in Clinical Pediatric Anesthesia

April 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics. 2195 words.

Pediatric airway reconstruction is undertaken to correct airway obstruction, which may be congenital or iatrogenic. Congenital airway obstruction can be located at any level of the...

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Anaesthetic equipment

Richard Craig.

in Paediatric Anaesthesia

October 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Paediatrics; Anaesthetics. 8928 words.

This chapter presents anaesthetic equipment used in paediatric anaesthesia. Airway equipment is described in detail with specific examples. This includes a description of the variety of...

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Anaphylaxis

Liana G Hosu and Lori A Aronson.

in Clinical Pediatric Anesthesia

April 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics. 2188 words.

Anaphylaxis has been defined as a “severe, life-threatening generalized or systemic hypersensitivity reaction” (Johansson et al., 2004). It is rapid in onset and may cause death or...

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Anatomy

Amber N. Borucki and Herodotos Ellinas.

in Pediatric Anesthesiology

September 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics. 11641 words.

This chapter contains 17 questions relevant for the Pediatric Subspecialty Exam about the topic of anatomy.

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Anatomy, physiology, and psychology

Volker Lesch.

in Paediatric Anaesthesia

September 2007; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Paediatrics; Anaesthetics. 6075 words.

Introduction 4

Paediatric anatomy:

Upper airway 5

Lower airway 6

null...

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Anesthesia for MRI

Mohamed A Mahmoud and John J McAuliffe.

in Clinical Pediatric Anesthesia

April 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics. 2368 words.

Choosing an appropriate anesthetic or sedative technique for children undergoing diagnostic procedures can be a challenge. Children presenting for MRI may have significant coexisting...

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Apgar, Virginia

Jacalyn Duffin.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics. 1036 words.

Apgar, Virginia (07 June 1909–07 August 1974), physician, anesthesiologist, and teratologist, was born in Westfield, New Jersey, the daughter of Charles Emory Apgar, an insurance executive,...

Assessing Patient State and Efficacy

Joseph P. Cravero.

in The Pediatric Procedural Sedation Handbook

October 2018; p ublished online November 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics; Critical Care. 1465 words.

Pediatric procedural sedation is required for a wide variety of interventions ranging from nonstimulating imaging procedures to painful minor surgeries and other tests. The measurement of...

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Asthmatic for Adenotonsillectomy

Eugene Neo.

in Clinical Pediatric Anesthesia

April 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics. 2495 words.

Asthma affects up to 20% of children in some countries, although many children have only mild asthma and require only intermittent treatment. Acute exacerbations of asthma usually result...

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Autonomic Failure

Edited by Christopher J. Mathias and Sir Roger Bannister.

May 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Neurology; Anatomy; Urology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology; Gastroenterology; Nephrology; Pain Medicine; Cardiovascular Medicine; Ophthalmology; Reproductive Medicine; Immunology; Endocrinology and Diabetes; Paediatrics; Geriatric Medicine; Anaesthetics; Pharmacology; Medical Toxicology; Surgery. 928 pages.

This new edition of Autonomic Failure features numerous new chapters and makes diagnosis increasingly precise by fully evaluating the underlying anatomical and functional deficits, thereby...

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Awareness and Recall During Anesthesia

Andrew Davidson.

in Clinical Pediatric Anesthesia

April 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics. 2315 words.

Awareness is being able to freely recall an event that occurred during a general anesthetic. The phenomenon is well described in adults but, until recently, was poorly described in...

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Bacterial Tracheitis Versus Epiglottitis

Junzheng Wu and C. Dean Kurth.

in Clinical Pediatric Anesthesia

April 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics. 2404 words.

Both acute epiglottitis and bacterial tracheitis can cause severe airway obstruction, respiratory distress, and sudden respiratory arrest in young children. The early and prompt...

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Behavioural measures of pain

Jill MacLaren Chorney and C. Meghan McMurtry.

in Oxford Textbook of Paediatric Pain

November 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics; Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; Pain Medicine. 10458 words.

This chapter reviews the current state of evidence on behavioural measures of pain in children and adolescents including a brief discussion of future directions. To demonstrate the utility...

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Biomarkers of pain: physiological indices of pain reactivity in infants and children

Susanne Brummelte, Tim F. Oberlander and Kenneth D. Craig.

in Oxford Textbook of Paediatric Pain

November 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics; Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; Pain Medicine. 9079 words.

Biomarkers are common in all areas of clinical work, health research, and are critical indicators of diseases and physiological states. Preferably, a biomarker should be non-invasively...

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Botox Injections for Spasticity and Sialorrhea

Christina Mannix.

in The Pediatric Procedural Sedation Handbook

October 2018; p ublished online November 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics; Critical Care. 813 words.

In patients with cerebral palsy, injections of botulinum toxin type A (Botox) into muscle groups to reduce spasticity may decrease spasmodic pain and improve movement by increasing range of...

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