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Alexander, (Conel) Hugh O'Donel (1909–1974), chess player and cryptanalyst

Harry Golombek.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Hobbies, Games, Arts and Crafts; Numerical and Computational Mathematics. 1551 words.

Alexander, (Conel) Hugh O'Donel (1909–1974), chess player and cryptanalyst, was born in Cork on 19 April 1909, the eldest of four children of Conel William Long Alexander (1879–1920),...

Babington, John (bap. 1604, d. after 1635), soldier and mathematician

R. E. Anderson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Mathematics. 301 words.

Babington, John (bap. 1604, d. after 1635), soldier and mathematician, was baptized on 21 August 1604 at St Nicholas Acon in the City of London, the son of John Babington and his wife,...

Cooper, Joshua Edward Synge (1901–1981), cryptanalyst and intelligence officer

D. R. Nicoll.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Numerical and Computational Mathematics. 827 words.

Cooper, Joshua Edward Synge (1901–1981), cryptanalyst and intelligence officer, was born on 3 April 1901 in Fulham, the son of Richard Edward Synge Cooper, a chartered engineer, and his...

D'Arcy, Patrick [known as Chevalier Patrice D'Arci], Count D'Arcy in the French nobility (1725–1779), soldier and mathematician

Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Mathematics. 727 words.

D'Arcy, Patrick [known as Chevalier Patrice D'Arci], Count D'Arcy in the French nobility (1725–1779), soldier and mathematician, was born in Galway on 17 February 1725, the third son of...

Denniston, Alexander Guthrie [Alastair] (1881–1961), cryptanalyst and intelligence officer

F. H. Hinsley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Numerical and Computational Mathematics. 1615 words.

Denniston, Alexander Guthrie [Alastair] (1881–1961), cryptanalyst and intelligence officer, was born on 1 December 1881 at Greenock, the eldest child of James Denniston, a medical...

Dunn, Samuel (bap. 1723, d. 1794), teacher of mathematics and navigation

Gordon Goodwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Travel and Holiday; History of Science and Technology; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Mathematical Education. 947 words.

Dunn, Samuel (bap. 1723, d. 1794), teacher of mathematics and navigation, was born in Crediton, Devon, and baptized there on 7 February 1723, the son of John (d. 1744) and Alice Dunn....

Farquharson, Henry (c. 1675–1739), teacher of mathematics and navigation in Russia

John H. Appleby.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Travel and Holiday; History of Science and Technology; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Mathematical Education. 1545 words.

Farquharson, Henry (c. 1675–1739), teacher of mathematics and navigation in Russia, was a son of John Farquharson (d. before 1691), from a branch of the family at Milton, Whitehouse, in...

Foss, Hugh Rose (1902–1971), cryptanalyst

Michael Smith.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Numerical and Computational Mathematics. 1071 words.

Foss, Hugh Rose (1902–1971), cryptanalyst, was born on 13 May 1902 in Kobe, Japan, one of five children of Hugh James Foss (1848–1932), Anglican bishop of Osaka, and his wife, Janet Ovans (bnull...

Fowler, Sir Ralph Howard (1889–1944), mathematical physicist and weapons researcher

E. A. Milne.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; Military History; Warfare and Defence; Physics. 944 words.

Fowler, Sir Ralph Howard (1889–1944), mathematical physicist and weapons researcher, was born at Fedsden, Roydon, Essex, on 17 January 1889, the elder son of Howard Fowler, of Glebelands,...

Glenie, James (bap. 1750, d. 1817), soldier and mathematician

W. Johnson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Mathematics. 943 words.

Glenie, James (bap. 1750, d. 1817), soldier and mathematician, baptized on 7 October 1750 at Leslie, Fife, was the son of John Glenie, army officer, and his wife, Margaret Smith. He went...

Grey, Nigel Arthur de (1886–1951), cryptanalyst

Nigel West.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Numerical and Computational Mathematics. 1100 words.

Grey, Nigel Arthur de (1886–1951), cryptanalyst, was born on 27 March 1886 at the rectory, Copdock, Suffolk, the son of the Hon. Arnold de Grey (b. 1856), rector of Copdock, and his wife,...

Heydon, Sir John (bap. 1588, d. 1653), royalist army officer and mathematician

Stephen Porter.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 712 words.

Heydon, Sir John (bap. 1588, d. 1653), royalist army officer and mathematician, was baptized at Saxlingham, Norfolk, on 13 June 1588. He was the second son of Sir Christopher Heydon...

Hilton, Peter John (1923–2010), code breaker and mathematician

I. M. James.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; Military History; Warfare and Defence. 1252 words.

Hilton, Peter John (1923–2010), code breaker and mathematician, was born at 34 Castletown Road, West Kensington, London, on 7 April 1923, the son of Mortimer Jacob Hilton (1893/4–1959), a...

Hinsley, Sir (Francis) Harry (1918–1998), cryptanalyst and historian

Richard Langhorne.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Education; History; Numerical and Computational Mathematics. 1518 words.

Hinsley, Sir (Francis) Harry (1918–1998), cryptanalyst and historian, was born on 26 November 1918 at 28 Rowland Street, Walsall, the son of Thomas Henry Hinsley, ironworks waggoner, and...

Inman, James (1776–1859), mathematician and writer on navigation

J. K. Laughton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; World History; Travel and Holiday; Literary Studies (Travel Literature); Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare. 702 words.

Inman, James (1776–1859), mathematician and writer on navigation, was the younger son of Richard Inman of Garsdale Foot, Sedbergh, Yorkshire. He attended Sedbergh grammar school, and...

Jack, Richard (d. 1759), mathematician and military engineer

W. Johnson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; Military History; Warfare and Defence. 820 words.

Jack, Richard (d. 1759), mathematician and military engineer, was born in Scotland, and was living at Broad Garth, Newcastle upon Tyne, in 1737 and in Edinburgh in 1739. In the Caledonian...

McKendrick, Anderson Gray (1876–1943), mathematician, epidemiologist, and army officer

Warren M. Hirsch.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Epidemiology; Pathology. 1487 words.

McKendrick, Anderson Gray (1876–1943), mathematician, epidemiologist, and army officer, was born on 8 September 1876 at 1 Chester Street, Edinburgh, youngest of the five children of John...

McVittie, George Cunliffe (1904–1988), astronomer and cryptanalyst

Ralph Erskine.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Numerical and Computational Mathematics; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1156 words.

McVittie, George Cunliffe (1904–1988), astronomer and cryptanalyst, was born on 5 June 1904 in Smyrna, Turkey, the eldest of three children (two sons and a daughter) of Francis Skinner...

Moore, William (fl. c. 1806–1823), mathematician and rocket theorist

W. Johnson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; Military History; Warfare and Defence. 599 words.

Moore, William (fl. c. 1806–1823), mathematician and rocket theorist, is a person of whom little is now known. His publications showed his mathematical competence, but he was...

Murray [née Clarke], Joan Elisabeth Lowther (1917–1996), cryptanalyst and numismatist

Ralph Erskine.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Numerical and Computational Mathematics; Education. 1134 words.

Murray [née Clarke], Joan Elisabeth Lowther (1917–1996), cryptanalyst and numismatist, was born at 45 Idmiston Road, West Norwood, London, on 24 June 1917, the youngest child (there were...