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Alexander, (Conel) Hugh O'Donel (1909–1974), chess player and cryptanalyst

Harry Golombek.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Hobbies, Games, Arts and Crafts; Numerical and Computational Mathematics. 1551 words.

Alexander, (Conel) Hugh O'Donel (1909–1974), chess player and cryptanalyst, was born in Cork on 19 April 1909, the eldest of four children of Conel William Long Alexander (1879–1920),...

algebra

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Computing.

The area of mathematics related to the general properties of arithmetic. Relationships can be summarized by using variables, usually denoted by letters x, y, n,… to stand for unknown...

See overview in Oxford Index

Argyle, Jesse William (1859–1924), social investigator and statistician

Rosemary O'Day.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Sociology; Education; Probability and Statistics. 934 words.

Argyle, Jesse William (1859–1924), social investigator and statistician, was born at 7 Argyle Road, Mile End, London, on 4 September 1859, the elder of two sons of Jesse Smith Argyle...

Babington, John (bap. 1604, d. after 1635), soldier and mathematician

R. E. Anderson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Mathematics. 301 words.

Babington, John (bap. 1604, d. after 1635), soldier and mathematician, was baptized on 21 August 1604 at St Nicholas Acon in the City of London, the son of John Babington and his wife,...

Babson, Roger Ward

Clifford Putney.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Banking; Probability and Statistics. 1115 words.

Babson, Roger Ward (06 July 1875–05 March 1967), businessman, author, and philanthropist, was born in Gloucester, Massachusetts, the son of Nathaniel Babson, a dry-goods merchant and...

Bromhead, Sir Edward Thomas Ffrench, second baronet (1789–1855), mathematician and landowner

A. W. F. Edwards.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; History; History of Agriculture; Agriculture and Farming. 618 words.

Bromhead, Sir Edward Thomas Ffrench, second baronet (1789–1855), mathematician and landowner, was born in Dublin on 26 March 1789, the eldest of three sons (there were no daughters) of...

computer science

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Computing.

The study of computers, their underlying principles and use. It comprises topics such as: programming; information structures; software engineering; programming languages; compilers and...

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Cooper, Joshua Edward Synge (1901–1981), cryptanalyst and intelligence officer

D. R. Nicoll.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Numerical and Computational Mathematics. 827 words.

Cooper, Joshua Edward Synge (1901–1981), cryptanalyst and intelligence officer, was born on 3 April 1901 in Fulham, the son of Richard Edward Synge Cooper, a chartered engineer, and his...

Dalby, Isaac (1744–1824), mathematician and surveyor

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Geodesy and Surveying for Maps and Charts; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building; Mathematics. 802 words.

Dalby, Isaac (1744–1824), mathematician and surveyor, was born in Gloucestershire, possibly in the Stroud area, into a family in modest circumstances. He was one of at least three boys. He...

D'Arcy, Patrick [known as Chevalier Patrice D'Arci], Count D'Arcy in the French nobility (1725–1779), soldier and mathematician

Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Mathematics. 727 words.

D'Arcy, Patrick [known as Chevalier Patrice D'Arci], Count D'Arcy in the French nobility (1725–1779), soldier and mathematician, was born in Galway on 17 February 1725, the third son of...

Denniston, Alexander Guthrie [Alastair] (1881–1961), cryptanalyst and intelligence officer

F. H. Hinsley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Numerical and Computational Mathematics. 1615 words.

Denniston, Alexander Guthrie [Alastair] (1881–1961), cryptanalyst and intelligence officer, was born on 1 December 1881 at Greenock, the eldest child of James Denniston, a medical...

Donn [Donne], Benjamin (1729–1798), mathematician and cartographer

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; Cartography; World History. 1145 words.

Donn [Donne], Benjamin (1729–1798), mathematician and cartographer, was born in Bideford, Devon, and baptized there on 22 June 1729, the last of six children of George Donn (b. in or before...

Dorchester, Daniel

Robert D. Cross.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; History; Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Probability and Statistics. 1066 words.

Dorchester, Daniel (11 March 1827–13 March 1907), Methodist clergyman and statistician of American church history, was born in Duxbury, Massachusetts, the son of the Reverend Daniel...

dotcom bubble

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Computing.

A global speculative rise in share prices between c.1997 and 2000 driven by the alleged opportunities for profit presented by the Internet. Access to the Internet, and especially to the...

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Dunn, Samuel (bap. 1723, d. 1794), teacher of mathematics and navigation

Gordon Goodwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Travel and Holiday; History of Science and Technology; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Mathematical Education. 947 words.

Dunn, Samuel (bap. 1723, d. 1794), teacher of mathematics and navigation, was born in Crediton, Devon, and baptized there on 7 February 1723, the son of John (d. 1744) and Alice Dunn....

Farquharson, Henry (c. 1675–1739), teacher of mathematics and navigation in Russia

John H. Appleby.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Travel and Holiday; History of Science and Technology; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Mathematical Education. 1545 words.

Farquharson, Henry (c. 1675–1739), teacher of mathematics and navigation in Russia, was a son of John Farquharson (d. before 1691), from a branch of the family at Milton, Whitehouse, in...

Foss, Hugh Rose (1902–1971), cryptanalyst

Michael Smith.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Numerical and Computational Mathematics. 1071 words.

Foss, Hugh Rose (1902–1971), cryptanalyst, was born on 13 May 1902 in Kobe, Japan, one of five children of Hugh James Foss (1848–1932), Anglican bishop of Osaka, and his wife, Janet Ovans (bnull...

Fowler, Sir Ralph Howard (1889–1944), mathematical physicist and weapons researcher

E. A. Milne.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; Military History; Warfare and Defence; Physics. 944 words.

Fowler, Sir Ralph Howard (1889–1944), mathematical physicist and weapons researcher, was born at Fedsden, Roydon, Essex, on 17 January 1889, the elder son of Howard Fowler, of Glebelands,...

Glenie, James (bap. 1750, d. 1817), soldier and mathematician

W. Johnson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Mathematics. 943 words.

Glenie, James (bap. 1750, d. 1817), soldier and mathematician, baptized on 7 October 1750 at Leslie, Fife, was the son of John Glenie, army officer, and his wife, Margaret Smith. He went...

Grey, Nigel Arthur de (1886–1951), cryptanalyst

Nigel West.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Numerical and Computational Mathematics. 1100 words.

Grey, Nigel Arthur de (1886–1951), cryptanalyst, was born on 27 March 1886 at the rectory, Copdock, Suffolk, the son of the Hon. Arnold de Grey (b. 1856), rector of Copdock, and his wife,...