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The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

Michael Kent

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780198568506
Published online January 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780191727788 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acref/9780198568506.001.0001
The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

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AAS

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 5 words.

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A-band

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 36 words.

Part of a muscle sarcomere that comprises several thick myosin filaments held between thinner actin filaments. It appears as a dark band when viewed under a microscope. ...

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Abbreviated Therapeutic Use Exemption

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 11 words.

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ABC of resuscitation

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 65 words.

A mnemonic (memory aid) for the initial management of a person who has collapsed (e.g. an athlete knocked unconscious on the field of play): A = Airway (ensure that the airway is open); B =...

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ABCDE

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 106 words.

A mnemonic for a step-by-step assessment of an athlete who collapses on the field of play. A = Airway and cervical spine (ensure that the airway is clear; suspect a cervical spine injury if...

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abdomen

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 70 words.

Lower part of the trunk between the diaphragm and the pelvis containing soft body tissues, including the stomach, kidneys, liver, and intestines. The shape of a healthy abdomen varies. In...

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abdominal

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 5 words.

Pertaining to the abdomen.

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abdominal injury

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 201 words.

Physical damage to the abdomen and its contents. The abdomen is particularly vulnerable to blows during contact and collision sports. Most blows to the abdomen result in nothing more...

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abdominal muscles

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 68 words.

Four pairs of muscles (the rectus abdominis, external oblique, internal oblique, and the transversus abdominis), often referred to as the stomach muscles, which support and protect the...

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abdominal pain

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 5 words.

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abdominal rigidity

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 82 words.

An extreme tightness of the abdominal muscles detected when touching or pressing on the abdomen. A person's fear or nervousness about being touched (palpated) in the abdominal area may...

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abdominals

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 4 words.

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abduction

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 35 words.

Movement of a body segment (e.g. arm or leg) away from the midline of the body. The term also refers to the movement of fingers or toes when they are spread apart. ...

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abductor

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 21 words.

A muscle that moves a part of the body away from the midline, or spreads the fingers or toes apart....

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abductor digiti minimi

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 39 words.

A muscle originating on the pisiform bone in the wrist and inserting onto the ulnar base of the proximal phalanx of the fifth digit. Its primary actions are abduction and flexion of the...

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abductor pollicis brevis

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 47 words.

A small muscle crossing the wrist. It helps to straighten the thumb and move the thumb away from the fingers. It is attached proximally to the trapezium and scaphoid bones (origin), and...

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abductor pollicis longus

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 53 words.

A muscle deep in the forearm. It helps to move the forearm sideways from the trunk. Its other actions include ...

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abilities-to-skill transfer

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 50 words.

The effect of practising an ability on the learning and performance of a skill. For example, there is likely to be some positive transfer when a gymnast who has developed the abilities of...

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ability

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 61 words.

In the context of skill acquisition, a relatively stable, largely inherited characteristic or trait that underpins and contributes to proficiency in a number of skills. Abilities can be...

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ability-orientation

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 40 words.

The tendency of an individual to emphasize circumstances that reflect highly on his or her ability, while belittling circumstances that reflect badly (for example, when a sportsperson...

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