It is important to decide between morality as caring (an agent‐based ethics of caring) and morality as universal benevolence. The latter has a distinctive conception of social justice that is more plausible, intuitively, than what utilitarianism says about justice, but there are reasons to think that the impartialism inherent in universal benevolence does not allow us to (so to speak) do justice to the value we place on love and loving relationships. For this and other reasons, we should prefer a virtue ethics of caring as the grounding basis for individual and political morality.
Keywords: agent‐based; ethics of caring; impartialism; love; morality as caring; social justice; universal benevolence
Chapter. 10083 words.
Subjects: Moral Philosophy
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