Sarah Coakley challenges three versions of the meaning of the Chalcedonian Definition of 451: that the Definition merely regulates the use of language about Christ without making any direct affirmations; that the Definition is ‘metaphorical’ in a non‐cognitive sense; that the Definition is ‘literally’ true, even to the point of producing specific, univocal, and empirical assertions that were alien to the fifth‐century authors of the text. She then expounds a forth position that treats the Definition as a ‘horizon’ which sets boundaries about what can and cannot be said of Christ, while remaining open‐ended and apophatic about the mystery of his person.
Keywords: Chalcedonian Definition; Coakley; fifth‐century authors
Chapter. 8617 words.
Subjects: Christian Theology
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