Presents the background to the formation of the friendship in 1876, by discussing Nietzsche’s early academic career and first important publications, The Birth of Tragedy and the Untimely Meditations. In Richard Wagner in Bayreuth, we can see Nietzsche uncomfortable with the standpoint of these works. A sympathy with natural science was always present in his thinking, but it was a growing dissatisfaction with the Wagnerian movement whose spokesman he had become that made him ready for a sharp change of direction, away from metaphysical romanticism towards a positivistic and scientific viewpoint, as well as the ‘cool’, self-disciplined style of writing that he found in Paul Rée’s work.
Keywords: classical philology; cultural criticism; Democritus; natural science; positivism; tragedy; Wagnerian movement
Chapter. 8859 words.
Subjects: History of Western Philosophy
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