Open Economy Complications

Joseph E. Stiglitz, José Antonio Ocampo, Shari Spiegel, Ricardo Ffrench-Davis and Deepak Nayyar

in Stability with Growth

Published in print August 2006 | ISBN: 9780199288144
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603884 | DOI:

Series: Initiative for Policy Dialogue Series

 Open Economy Complications

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This chapter extends the analysis of the previous chapter to an open economy by introducing exchange rate policy; analyzing the complex relationships between exchange rate, fiscal, and monetary policies; and examining the ways in which capital flows complicate traditional analyses. Despite the greater complexities associated with open economy macroeconomics, the policy conclusions for a closed economy remain remarkably unaffected. While Keynesians and heterodox economists believe that government should actively intervene, conservatives remain skeptical about the desirability of such interventions. The objective of this chapter is to shed some light on how economists can come to such diverse views on economic policy. The first section examines the macroeconomic effects of exchange rates on employment, trade, inflation, aggregate demand, growth, and balance sheets. The second section examines the complex interactions between fiscal, monetary, and exchange rate policies in open economies with either fixed or flexible exchange rate regimes. This section also examines the effects of interest rates and exchange rates on capital flows in both crisis and non-crisis situations.

Keywords: exchange rate policy; capital flows; open economy; inflation; balance sheets; fixed exchange rates; flexible exchange rates; interest rates; investor confidence

Chapter.  7395 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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