The city of Mbanza Kongo was the capital of the kingdom of Kongo and is one of the oldest cities still existing in sub-Saharan Africa. It is located on the flat top of a steep-sided mountain, at about 600 meters elevation, and commands the countryside around it. Lacking any full archaeological exploration, the age of the city is uncertain, but it became the capital of Kongo when the kingdom was founded by Lukeni lua Nimi around 1390. By the 1490s, when Europeans first visited the region, they compared it to the Portuguese city of Evora. In the early sixteenth century King Afonso...
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