This chapter inquires into the reasons for public opposition to wind turbine projects, and investigates the different community benefit schemes that are in use to reduce and compensate for the environmental impacts that projects may have on local communities and individual citizens. It offers some country examples of the status of developments in order to map the size of the case at hand—noting that Denmark, the United Kingdom, Germany, and the Netherlands seem to have been in the forefront not only in developing wind energy but also in developing community benefit schemes. The major part of the chapter, however, is devoted to the different instruments that are in use to meet the challenges of acceptance of further developments of wind energy.
Keywords: wind energy; wind energy development; wind turbine projects; community benefit schemes; environmental impacts
Chapter. 9567 words.
Subjects: Environment and Energy Law
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