Reference Entry

diuretics

Alan Tomlinson

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Published in print January 2010 | ISBN: 9780199213818
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191726859
diuretics

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A class of drugs designed to alter the function of the kidneys and promote the loss of water by increased production of dilute urine. Medically these drugs are used in a variety of conditions, notably as a treatment for high blood pressure since the increased water loss reduces the volume of plasma and therefore the pressure in the cardiovascular system. In sport, diuretics are mainly used in two circumstances. In weight-classified sports such as judo, wrestling, and horse racing, athletes may take diuretics prior to the weigh-in to achieve a temporary reduction in weight and fit into a lower category. Adverse effects of this artificial reduction include impaired cardiovascular and thermoregulatory capacity. Diuretics may also be used in an attempt to disguise drug taking since the more dilute urine will show a lower concentration of illegal drug metabolites....

Reference Entry.  139 words. 

Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation

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