Mouth organ of Japanese court music. Descended from the Chin. *sheng, introduced to Jap. in 8th cent., it comprises 17 bamboo pipes (two silent) rising vertically from a lacquered wooden bowl that is held in the player's hands and in which there is the mouthpiece. Each pipe contains a reed and a fingerhole, tuned to a note of a pentatonic scale. It may be a melodic or harmonic instr, as in the case of ...
Reference Entry. 108 words.
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