Reference Entry

Athos, Mount

Edited by Tom Devonshire Jones, Linda Murray and Peter Murray

in The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art & Architecture

Second edition

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199680276
Published online November 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191744419
Athos, Mount

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is the most easterly of three peninsulas projecting into the Aegean Sea from Macedonia and is joined to the Greek mainland by a narrow isthmus. The ridge, which runs down the centre of the isthmus, ends in the ‘Holy Mountain’ some 3,000 ft. high. The peninsula belongs to Basilian monasteries of the E. Orthodox rite. The earliest certain foundation is the Lavra monastery, established in 962 by S. Athanasius the Athonite, and the number of monasteries rose to twenty, plus many small dependencies. Once, Mt. Athos attracted monks from all the lands of the Orthodox rite, but a religious population which in ...

Reference Entry.  297 words. 

Subjects: Religious Subjects in Art

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