Reference Entry

Le Marchand, David

Charles Avery

in Oxford Art Online


Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T050234

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(b Dieppe, Oct 12, 1674; d London, March 17, 1726).

French ivory-carver, active in Britain. He was the son of Guillaume Le Marchand, a painter, and was presumably trained in Dieppe, where ivory-carving was an important craft. Following the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes by Louis XIV in 1685, Le Marchand, a Huguenot, emigrated to Edinburgh, where in 1696 he opened a shop. The earliest medallion indubitably signed by him dates from that year. By 1705 he had moved to London, where he settled, becoming a member of the Huguenot community there; he became a naturalized citizen in 1709.

Portraiture became Le Marchand’s speciality, although he also carved a few mythological or religious statuettes. His style initially reflected that of earlier carvers in Dieppe, such as Jean Mancel (fl 1681–1717), and that of Jean Cavalier, his gifted predecessor in London. His earliest portraits are in profile and in low relief on an oval plaque or medallion. However, he soon aspired to more ambitious kinds of portraiture, carving in ...

Reference Entry.  572 words. 

Subjects: Sculpture and Carving ; 18th-Century Art

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