Reference Entry

Marathon

in Oxford Art Online


Published online January 2003 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T054164

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Narrow coastal plain hemmed in by mountains in south-east central Greece, which was densely occupied during the entire Bronze Age, especially in the west near the mountain passes connecting it to the rest of Attica. The region contains the remains of three known Early Helladic (eh) fortified settlements situated within 3 to 5 km of each other: Kato Souli to the east, Agriliki to the west and Plassi, the only one even partially excavated, on the coast between them. At Plassi a thick wall with a gate flanked by a tower enclosed a large Middle Helladic (mh) building covering cist graves of the same period and housing a pottery kiln at one end. About 2.5 km inshore, at Tsepi, lies an extensive eh cemetery of regularly aligned family cist graves, marked off by rows of stones and poorly furnished with imported Cycladic artefacts. Further west, near the entrance to the Vrana Valley, are four low ...

Reference Entry.  393 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Greek and Roman Art ; Prehistoric Art

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