All physicians should be aware of important eye symptoms, learn how to examine the eye, and in particular be proficient with the ophthalmoscope. Common presentations include (1) red eye—may be due to conjunctivitis, episcleritis, scleritis, iritis, keratitis, or acute glaucoma, some of which require urgent specialist opinion; (2) dry eye—which may have a systemic cause, particularly if accompanied by dryness of the mouth (sicca syndrome), e.g. Sjögren’s syndrome; (3) loss of vision—which, when it affects one eye, is associated with a relative afferent pupillary defect and can be caused by central retinal artery occlusion, ischaemic central retinal vein occlusion, ischaemic optic neuropathy, optic neuritis, extensive retinal detachment, advanced unilateral glaucoma, and optic nerve compression....
Chapter. 14674 words. Illustrated.
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