Journal Article

Searching for a Companion Star of Tycho’s Type Ia Supernova with Optical Spectroscopic Observations

Yutaka Ihara, Jin Ozaki, Mamoru Doi, Toshikazu Shigeyama, Nobunari Kashikawa, Yutaka Komiyama and Takashi Hattori

in Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan

Published on behalf of Astronomical Society of Japan

Volume 59, issue 4, pages 811-826
Published in print August 2007 | ISSN: 0004-6264
Published online August 2007 | e-ISSN: 2053-051X | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pasj/59.4.811
Searching for a Companion Star of Tycho’s Type Ia Supernova with Optical Spectroscopic Observations

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We report on our first results of photometric and spectroscopic observations for Tycho’s supernova remnant (SNR Tycho) to search for the companion star of a type Ia supernova. From photometric observations using Suprime-Cam on the Subaru Telescope, we have picked up stars brighter than 22 mag (in [math]-band) for spectroscopy, which are located within a circular region with a radius of 30[math] around the center of SNR Tycho. If the ejecta of young supernova remnants, such as SNR Tycho, have a sufficient amount of Fe I, we should be able to detect absorption lines at 3720 Å and associated with transitions from the ground state of Fe I in the spectrum of the companion star. To identify the companion star of a SN Ia using these characteristic absorption lines of Fe I, we performed optical low-resolution spectroscopy of their targets using FOCAS on the Subaru Telescope. In our spectroscopic observations, we obtained spectra of 17 stars in the SNR Tycho region and compared them with template stellar spectra. We detect significant absorption lines from two stars at 3720 Å. In addition, spectra of four stars also have possible absorption lines. Since the widths of their absorption lines are broad, it is likely that the detected absorptions are due to Fe I in the expanding ejecta of SNR Tycho. However, none of stars exhibit a clear red wing in the observed profiles of the absorption, though a star in the background of the SNR should show it. Hence, we suggest another interpretation, that the detected absorption lines might be caused by the peculiarity of stars. Though Tycho(G) was raised as a candidate of the companion star of Tycho’s supernova in a previous study, we did not obtain evidence supporting the previous research. On the contrary, a star named Tycho(E) has an absorption line at 3720 Å, and its projected position is close to the center of SNR Tycho. Based on our observations, Tycho(E) is a new candidate as the companion star of Tycho’s supernova.

Keywords: supernovae: general; supernovae: individual (Tycho’s Star); ISM: supernova remnants

Journal Article.  7383 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Stars ; Interstellar Medium

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